Albania. A. was severely affected by NATO's war against
Yugoslavia in the early summer, when it received close to
half a million refugees from the Kosovo province of Serbia,
In addition, A. opened his airspace for NATO flights and
allowed the Western Military Alliance to establish bases for
ground troops in the country.
Countryaah official website, the Albanians welcomed their fleeing compatriots from
Kosovo with open arms. A., however, which is Europe's
poorest country, did not have the resources to meet the
material needs of the refugees. A variety of organizations
with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
at the head flocked, built camps and provided the needy with
tents, blankets and food. The many national and private aid
organizations at the site all had their views on how the
work should be conducted, which is why coordination was
taken. By the end of the year, almost all the refugees had
returned to Kosovo.
Albania had also allowed the Kosovo Albanian insurgents
in the Kosovo Liberation Army (Ushtria Clirimtare e Kosovės,
UCK), regarded by Yugoslavia as a terrorist organization, to
establish bases in its territory. As a result, the Yugoslav
army invaded Albanian soil on several occasions during the
78-day war and on some occasions fought firefighting with
Albanian border guards.
The many aid workers, journalists and soldiers created a
host of welcome, but temporary, jobs for the Albanians. The
country's poor economy got a boost for the moment. It was a
fact that the Albanians saw the foreigners disappear, not
only because of the loss of income, but also of the security
that NATO's presence had provided.
A's trade was not significantly affected by the war, as
it mostly goes over Italy and Greece, which were barely
affected by the crisis. Despite the massive temporary
international presence, the well-organized transit of heavy
narcotics to Europe continued, among other things. to
Sweden, through A. Stolen cars from the rest of Europe were
smuggled into the country, while weapons were smuggled
mainly to Kosovo.
The EU rewarded A. for its way of receiving refugees and
NATO by providing financial compensation and providing loans
for war costs, including to roads that had been broken by
heavy transport. At an EU meeting in Luxembourg, the EU
expressed in its communique "admiration for Albania" because
of the country's attitude during the war.
Two political crises were resolved during the year. The
Democratic Party, Partia Demokratike tė Shqipėrisė, canceled
a summer-long boycott of Parliament at a special summit in
the summer, directly calling on the United States. The next
crisis came when the Socialist Party, Partia Socialiste e
Shqipėriseė (SP), in the autumn elected a new chairman.
Prime Minister Pandeli Majko lost. He was succeeded without
much difficulty by Deputy Prime Minister Iler Meta.