In May 2005, Prime Minister Neves indicated that the country
may apply for NATO membership. The month before, NATO had
for the first time in Africa conducted an exercise in Cape
Verde with its rapid response force. In June, the opposition
party called on MPD to discuss the country's special
relationship with the EU as soon as possible.
The January 2006 parliamentary elections were won by
PAICV and Pires was re-elected president with 51% of the
Countryaah official website,
Cape Verde began to prepare to compete with other African
countries, who also wanted to be selected by China as the
target of one of the 5 major economic cooperation centers in
Africa. By July 2007, Zambia and Mauritius had been
designated. Praia prepared a delegation to visit China to
promote Cape Verde's candidacy. Among other candidate
countries were Tanzania, Liberia and Nigeria.
Jorge Carlos Fonseca of MPD won the second round of
presidential elections in 2011 and was placed on the post in
September. In October, the Cape Verde ICC ratified the
statutes, thus becoming state No. 119 to ratify the treaty.