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Yearbook 1999

Canada. At least 9 people were killed in the remote town of Kangiqsualujjuac (in Quebec) by a snow avalanche that crushed the school in the city where residents gathered for New Year's celebrations on January 1. New Year's fireworks probably triggered the avalanche.

1999 CanadaOn February 4, a three-year agreement was signed between the federal government and provincial governments (except Quebec) on how healthcare and social welfare should be funded. The agreement allows the federal government to establish and fund social programs without the consent of the provinces. Healthcare received an additional grant of 11.5 billion Canadian dollars for the next five years in the new budget presented by Finance Minister Paul Martin in February. The increase means that the federal health care budget has been restored to the same level as before 1995, when the Liberal government cut health care grants to the provinces to reduce the federal budget deficit. The Canadian economy has improved and is now quite strong. Unemployment fell to 7.8% in January 1999, the lowest since June 1990.

According to Countryaah official website, the Progressive Conservative Party, PCP, had a number of successes in various provincial elections during the year. PCP won the elections in Ontario June 3, in New Brunswick June 7, and in Nova Scotia July 27. The electoral victory in Ontario, the most populous of Canada's provinces, was a huge success for the PCP, working hard to try to build a new strong political base after its disastrous election defeat in the federal election in 1993. The party received 45.1% of the electorate's votes, giving 59 seats in Ontario's parliament, the Liberal Party gained 39.8% and 35 seats and the New Democratic Party 12.6% and 9 seats in parliament.

Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien appointed Adrienne Clarkson new governor after Romeo LeBlanc, who resigned in October 1999. Clarkson hails from a Chinese ethnic minority in Hong Kong and came to Canada as a refugee. 1942. She previously worked as a journalist and is the first immigrant to be appointed Governor General of Canada.

1999 Canada

At the June parliamentary elections, the Liberals lost their absolute majority in parliament, and therefore formed the first minority government in Canada in 25 years. As a result of the financial scandal, the party lost 30 seats, thereby losing its 11-year monopoly in power. The party got 135 of Parliament's 308 seats; the Conservatives 99; the separatist Bloc Quebecois 54 and the leftist New Democratic Party got 19.

The biggest victor of the election was unconditional Bloc Quebecois, who had just 33 of the 75 seats in Montreal before the election. The election gave them a 21-seat increase - largely at the Liberals' expense - and it opened up a new referendum on the province's independence. "The only Quebecs to trust are Bloc Quebecois," declared the bloc's chairman, Gilles Duceppe, in front of hundreds of cheering supporters in Montreal.

In September, Paul Martin extended General Governor Adrienne Clarkson's term by one year. Otherwise, it would run out on October 7, 2004.

The corruption scandal that broke out in 2004 led to Paul Martin's fall in November when he lost a vote of confidence in parliament. In January 2006, the post of prime minister was taken over by conservative Stephen Harper after 12 years of Liberal rule.

Following extensive investigations involving more than 400 police officers, Toronto police arrested 22 people in June 2006, accused of planning bomb attacks in Canada. Seventeen of those arrested were subsequently put on trial. Authorities stated to have confiscated 3 tons of ammonium nitrate. A fertilizer that can also be used in the manufacture of bombs. This was 3 times the amount used in 1995 at the Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people.

In May, Parliament voted to extend Canada's military presence in Afghanistan until 2009. Together with British, Australian and Danish forces, they constitute NATO's occupation force in southern Canada. Other NATO countries were unwilling to deploy troops to war-torn southern Afghanistan, and in early 2008 this led to an internal crisis in NATO. By this time Canada had already lost over 100 soldiers, demanding more troops from other NATO countries. it was not until April 2008 that France agreed to send 2,000 soldiers to assist the occupying forces in the southern part of the country.

In February 2008, it was revealed that in May 2005, two Conservative party officials had offered Independent MP Chuck Cadman $ 1 million. US $ to vote to bring down the Liberal government. Prime Minister Harper admitted that he knew the matter and had warned the two officials but had done nothing to stop the attempt at political voting. Although such acts are punishable by Canadian law, the Canadian police decided in April to refrain from raising charges - "for lack of evidence".

The provincial elections in Quebec in March 2007 made significant progress to the party Democratique du Quebec (ADQ), which advocates for the province's autonomy within Canada. ADQ became the second largest party after the Liberals, banishing Bloc Quebecois to third place.

 

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