Chad. At the beginning of the year, Chad received about
25,000 refugees who sought refuge from fighting in
neighboring Sudan. At the same time, the low-intensity
Chadian civil war between the government army and various
rebel groups continued. The Movement for Democracy and
Justice in Chad, one of the larger rebel groups led by
former Defense Minister Youssouf Togoimi, repeatedly claimed
during the year that the government army on several fronts
in the north succeeded in inflicting heavy losses. As usual,
the data was denied from the government.
Countryaah official website, another rebel group, Chad's movement for democracy and
development, signed a peace deal with the regime in early
July. But it turned out that not all of the leaders of the
rebel movement accepted the deal. During the latter part of
the year, the government also negotiated with Togoimi's
group, and President Idriss Déby visited the conflict area
in the north.
Chad suffered a severe financial setback when oil
companies Shell and Elf announced at the end of the year
that they were about to withdraw from a planned oil recovery
project in southwest Chad. The oil would have been exported
by pipeline via Cameroon to the Atlantic coast. The planned
oil production was expected to give the country annual
income of the equivalent of SEK 850 million, a huge addition
to one of the world's poorest countries. But the project has
been criticized by environmental organizations as it would
affect forests, river systems and agricultural land in an
area where most of Chad's food is grown.
The delays of the oil project and the continued uprising
in the north in December led to the resignation of Prime
Minister Nassour Ouado. The new head of government appointed
the president his close associate, Nagoum Yamassoum, former
Minister of Education and Culture.
At the end of the year, the depleting Chad Lake was
flooded by the worst rainfall in several decades, and at
least 25,000 people were forced to flee their homes.