Chile. The fate of former dictator Augusto Pinochet was
not settled during the year. Pinochet was arrested in
October 1998 in London. The statement from the British House
of Lords on November 25, 1998, which opened for the
extradition of Pinochet to Spain, was annulled on January 15
for damnation (one of the lords had links with Amnesty
International). On March 24, however, it was again allowed
the process to continue, but only for crimes committed after
December 8, 1988, when the United Kingdom, by ratifying the
International Torture Convention "nationalized" crimes under
universal jurisdiction. On the other hand, murder and the
incitement to murder are not covered, but on October 8, a
London court tried to argue that the trauma that the murders
committed before 1988 created in the survivors can be
equated with torture. The claims of immunity for the former
the Head of State Pinochet has so far been rejected on the
grounds that systematic killing and torture of his own
citizens cannot be considered compatible with the duties of
a Head of State. The release of 82-year-old Pinochet on
humanitarian grounds or for age reasons has not been taken
into account so far either. The final decision in this
regard has the British Minister of the Interior Jack Straw.
In the shadow of the Pinochet case, legal processes were
also underway in Chile. According to
Countryaah official website, the Supreme Court had granted a
charge of disappearance from the time before the amnesty law
in 1978, since disappearances are considered to be the
equivalent of kidnapping, a crime that is ongoing as long as
the hostages are not freed or their bodies recovered.
Representatives of the military and the relatives of the
disappeared have also initiated talks on reconciliation (mesa humanitária), which has, however, been met with
skepticism. As a direct result of the Pinochet business, the
United States also published thousands of documents,
including President Clinton's order. from the CIA, on human
rights violations in Chile during the period 1973–78.
In the first round of the December 12 presidential
election, Socialist candidate Ricardo Lagos (former legal
adviser to Salvador Allende, who died during the 1973 coup)
won 48% against conservative candidate Joaquín Lavín's
47.5%. On January 16, 2000, the crucial round of elections
will be held.
2006 Michelle Bachelet President
In January 2005, Pinochet was placed under house arrest
after the court issued a ruling that his health was good
enough to be charged with murder and abduction.
At the December 2005 presidential election, no candidate
got more than 50% of the vote. The right wing candidate,
Sebastián Piñera and Concertación candidate Michelle
Bachelet therefore went on to the second round, which in
January 2006 was won by Bachelet with 53.5% of the vote. She
was deployed on March 11 as the country's first female head
Bachel's father, General Bachelet was arrested, tortured
and killed during the Pinochet dictatorship. Together with
her mother, she herself was arrested and tortured during the
dictatorship before going into exile. There was the final
tension about the outcome of the presidential election,
because even though the Concertación is now stronger than
the right wing, Bachelet is a woman, divorced mother of
three and agnostic - and this in a strong Catholic,
conservative and traditionalist country. But the politician
won over traditions and prejudices.
Bachelet is a moderate socialist, educated physician and
former Minister of Defense under the Lagos government. She
was chosen on a platform of continued market economy
development, but at the same time a desire to reduce the
huge abyss between rich and poor in the country.
In December, 91-year-old ex-dictator Pinochet died. The
government refused to grant him a state funeral, as a former
head of state, but he was honored as former
commander-in-chief of the armed forces. A post he was
appointed by Salvador Allende. At his death, several
lawsuits were underway or underway against him.
In March 2007, a demonstration ended with the arrest of
over 500 protesters. The demonstration marked the
anniversary of the killing of 2 young protesters
demonstrating against the 1985 dictatorship.
In October, the government granted amnesty to illegal
emigrants in the country. In particular, 15,000 illegal
Peruvians and 2,000 illegal Bolivians benefited. In
December, a 3-party agreement was signed with Bolivia and
Brazil on the construction of a 4,700 km long road
connecting Santos in Brazil with Arica and Iquique in Chile.
The Atlantic and Pacific are thus connected by a main road.
The Bachelet government secured both economic progress in
the country and a redistribution of the country's resources
for the benefit of the poorest. The proportion of Chileans
below the absolute poverty line decreased from 13.7% in
November 2006 to 11.5% in November 2009.