Costa Rica. On February 10, the amnesty period aimed at
regulating the country's many illegal immigrants expired.
Most of them, at least half a million, are Nicaraguan, and
amnesty is said to have covered at least 160,000 of them.
Prior to the end of the amnesty period, new immigrants
poured in over the difficult-to-monitor boundary, leading to
total entry stops for Nicaraguan people. The fact that Costa
Rica attracts immigrants from other Central American
countries is partly because Costa Rica, unlike Nicaragua and
Honduras, escapes the fateful hurricane Mitch in 1997, but
mainly because Costa Rica is a brilliant economic exception
in the region. According to
Countryaah official website, the country had Latin America's second
highest growth rate in 1998, and inflation, unemployment and
poverty are declining while real wages and investments are
In 2012, Costa Rica became the first country on the American
continent to ban regular hunting. An initiative that was
popular in the population.
Costa Rica, on December 1, 2013, marked the 65th
anniversary of the abolition of the country's military.
Costa Rica sees itself as the spearhead of a world without
military. In 1990, neighboring Panama disbanded its
military. In 1995, Haiti disbanded its military. Likewise,
Monaco, the Vatican and Iceland have no military.
Luis Guillermo Solís from center-left party Partido
Acción Ciudadana (PAC) won the presidential election in
February/April 2014. Solís gained 30.6% in the first round
of elections, while his counterpart Johnny Araya Monge of
PLN got 29.7%. On the way to the second round of the
election campaign, Monge admitted surprisingly beaten as he
dropped behind in the polls. He therefore canceled his
election campaign and Solís was elected with 77.8% of the
vote against Monges 22.2%. Solís and the PAC were elected on
statements to fight corruption in the country. In the
parliamentary elections, however, it was still PLN that got
the most seats with 18 out of 57, although the party lost 6
seats. The big winners of the election were the PAC who got
13 (a rise of 2) and the other center-left coalition Frente
Amplio who got 9 (a rise of 8).
At the inauguration of Luis Guillermo Solís as president
in May 2014, delegations from 80 countries, including Evo
Morales from Bolivia and Rafael Correa from Ecuador
participated. This reflected Solís' greater social
commitment. He declared himself an opponent of
neoliberalism, which according to. he had merely deepened
the class divisions in Costa Rica when the large
corporations and the wealthiest had avoided paying taxes. He
again launched environmental projects that had been halted
by several and declared his support for the country's LGTB