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Costa Rica

Yearbook 1999

Costa Rica. On February 10, the amnesty period aimed at regulating the country's many illegal immigrants expired. Most of them, at least half a million, are Nicaraguan, and amnesty is said to have covered at least 160,000 of them. Prior to the end of the amnesty period, new immigrants poured in over the difficult-to-monitor boundary, leading to total entry stops for Nicaraguan people. The fact that Costa Rica attracts immigrants from other Central American countries is partly because Costa Rica, unlike Nicaragua and Honduras, escapes the fateful hurricane Mitch in 1997, but mainly because Costa Rica is a brilliant economic exception in the region. According to Countryaah official website, the country had Latin America's second highest growth rate in 1998, and inflation, unemployment and poverty are declining while real wages and investments are increasing.

1999 Costa Rica

In 2012, Costa Rica became the first country on the American continent to ban regular hunting. An initiative that was popular in the population.

Costa Rica, on December 1, 2013, marked the 65th anniversary of the abolition of the country's military. Costa Rica sees itself as the spearhead of a world without military. In 1990, neighboring Panama disbanded its military. In 1995, Haiti disbanded its military. Likewise, Monaco, the Vatican and Iceland have no military.

Luis Guillermo Solís from center-left party Partido Acción Ciudadana (PAC) won the presidential election in February/April 2014. Solís gained 30.6% in the first round of elections, while his counterpart Johnny Araya Monge of PLN got 29.7%. On the way to the second round of the election campaign, Monge admitted surprisingly beaten as he dropped behind in the polls. He therefore canceled his election campaign and Solís was elected with 77.8% of the vote against Monges 22.2%. Solís and the PAC were elected on statements to fight corruption in the country. In the parliamentary elections, however, it was still PLN that got the most seats with 18 out of 57, although the party lost 6 seats. The big winners of the election were the PAC who got 13 (a rise of 2) and the other center-left coalition Frente Amplio who got 9 (a rise of 8).

At the inauguration of Luis Guillermo Solís as president in May 2014, delegations from 80 countries, including Evo Morales from Bolivia and Rafael Correa from Ecuador participated. This reflected Solís' greater social commitment. He declared himself an opponent of neoliberalism, which according to. he had merely deepened the class divisions in Costa Rica when the large corporations and the wealthiest had avoided paying taxes. He again launched environmental projects that had been halted by several and declared his support for the country's LGTB community.

 

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