Ethiopia. After the winter rains failed, Ethiopia was
threatened by a new famine disaster. In June, the government
estimated that 350,000 tonnes of food were needed, and the
United Nations appealed for $ 50 million for relief efforts.
During the late summer, aid staff said they saw clear signs
of impending famine. The situation was made worse by the war
against Eritrea (for description of the war, see Eritrea).
The world's will to help a government that spent around SEK
8 million a day on warfare was weak.
In August, fighting took place in southern Ethiopia
between the army and the oromo's separatist guerrilla OLF.
The government claimed to have shattered the guerrillas and
killed its leaders, but the information was contradictory.
Despite the wars and famine, the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) praised Ethiopia's economic development over the
past two years. However, the IMF warned that falling coffee
prices could increase the trade deficit.
Countryaah official website, a smaller aircraft with a Swedish and a British pilot was
shot down in northern Ethiopia in September. According to
the government, the plane had not followed the agreed route
via Djibouti but flew over the war front.
The lengthy trial of the overthrown Mengistu regime
resulted in the first death sentence in November. A
lieutenant was sentenced in his absence for the murder of
Ethiopia - Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia and the country's largest city; 3. 3
million residents (2016). Addis Ababa, whose name means 'new flower', is located
2,250-2,700 meters above sea level on the southern edge of the Central Ethiopian
Plateau. Good access to water, including hot springs, and the eucalyptus forest
planted in and around the city are important resources. Addis Ababa has a
distinctive city plan originating in the imperial camp.
To Addis Ababa, the country's state functions have been concentrated; In
addition, the city is the seat of the People's Assembly and the political elite
and mass organizations. Universities (1961) and specialized colleges are located
here, as are national libraries and national archives. Addis Ababa is also the
seat of the African Union and of the ECA (United Nations Economic Commission for
The business sector comprises the production of building materials, chemical
products, foodstuffs and textile and leather articles. The market in the Addis
Ketema district is one of Africa's largest. Addis Ababa is the main hub of the
country's road network, and the railway connection with Djibouti is there. The
city has an international airport (Bole).
Among buildings of importance are several traditional round churches, Minilik
II 's mausoleum (1911), Trinity Cathedral (1941) and Africa Hall (ECA
The building initially consisted mainly of simple huts. A modern city center
began to emerge in the 1930s, but it was not until the 1950s and 1960s that
Addis Ababa adopted its current cosmopolitan character.
Addis Ababa has its origins in an encampment on Intotto Mountain north of the
city. In the 1880s, the Shewa King Minilik built an administration center for
his province there. In 1887, when he moved his residence to a hill below the
mountain, is often cited as the city's founding year. When Minilik was crowned
emperor two years later, Addis Ababa became Ethiopia's capital.