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Ethiopia

Yearbook 1999

Ethiopia. After the winter rains failed, Ethiopia was threatened by a new famine disaster. In June, the government estimated that 350,000 tonnes of food were needed, and the United Nations appealed for $ 50 million for relief efforts. During the late summer, aid staff said they saw clear signs of impending famine. The situation was made worse by the war against Eritrea (for description of the war, see Eritrea). The world's will to help a government that spent around SEK 8 million a day on warfare was weak.

In August, fighting took place in southern Ethiopia between the army and the oromo's separatist guerrilla OLF. The government claimed to have shattered the guerrillas and killed its leaders, but the information was contradictory.

Despite the wars and famine, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) praised Ethiopia's economic development over the past two years. However, the IMF warned that falling coffee prices could increase the trade deficit.

According to Countryaah official website, a smaller aircraft with a Swedish and a British pilot was shot down in northern Ethiopia in September. According to the government, the plane had not followed the agreed route via Djibouti but flew over the war front.

The lengthy trial of the overthrown Mengistu regime resulted in the first death sentence in November. A lieutenant was sentenced in his absence for the murder of five people.

1999 Ethiopia

Ethiopia - Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa

Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia and the country's largest city; 3. 3 million residents (2016). Addis Ababa, whose name means 'new flower', is located 2,250-2,700 meters above sea level on the southern edge of the Central Ethiopian Plateau. Good access to water, including hot springs, and the eucalyptus forest planted in and around the city are important resources. Addis Ababa has a distinctive city plan originating in the imperial camp.

To Addis Ababa, the country's state functions have been concentrated; In addition, the city is the seat of the People's Assembly and the political elite and mass organizations. Universities (1961) and specialized colleges are located here, as are national libraries and national archives. Addis Ababa is also the seat of the African Union and of the ECA (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa).

The business sector comprises the production of building materials, chemical products, foodstuffs and textile and leather articles. The market in the Addis Ketema district is one of Africa's largest. Addis Ababa is the main hub of the country's road network, and the railway connection with Djibouti is there. The city has an international airport (Bole).

Among buildings of importance are several traditional round churches, Minilik II 's mausoleum (1911), Trinity Cathedral (1941) and Africa Hall (ECA headquarters, 1961).

The building initially consisted mainly of simple huts. A modern city center began to emerge in the 1930s, but it was not until the 1950s and 1960s that Addis Ababa adopted its current cosmopolitan character.

Addis Ababa has its origins in an encampment on Intotto Mountain north of the city. In the 1880s, the Shewa King Minilik built an administration center for his province there. In 1887, when he moved his residence to a hill below the mountain, is often cited as the city's founding year. When Minilik was crowned emperor two years later, Addis Ababa became Ethiopia's capital.

 

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