Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > Africa > Gambia

Gambia

1999 Gambia

1982-89 Senegambia

The merger project with Senegal and the formation of the Senegambia Federation existed as an idea until 1982, but the coup attempt against the Gambian government meant that the project was now realized. Senegambia formally existed from February 1982 to the end of 1989. The federation was led by a Bedouin President, Abdou Diouf, and a Council of Ministers in consultation with a joint parliament between the two countries. The treaty protected Dawda Jawara from possible internal insurgency, and at the same time Senegal was able to carry out more strict control over the capital flight that the smuggling entailed. Both countries retained their individual characteristics and internal organization.

From 1985, however, the Gambia began to reduce its participation in agreements aimed at strengthening the relationship between the two countries, and Jawara ceased to fulfill the agreements on mutual military assistance in Senegal's internal or external conflicts. In late 1989, the Gambia signed a Mutual Defense Agreement with Nigeria. The Gambia's purpose in the agreement was to secure its defense, thus regaining the independence it had lost in the federation with Senegal. The agreement with Nigeria was in effect a dissolution of Senegambia.

According to Countryaah official website, the Finance Minister announced in the Finance Act 1991-92 an increase of 6% of the salaries of public servants, as well as a reinstatement of the benefits that had been repealed when a structural adjustment program was initiated. The Gambia already has one of the highest rates of child mortality in the world.

In May 1991, the Gambia and Senegal took a first step towards improving their relationships as they entered into a friendship and cooperation agreement. The agreement envisages an annual meeting between the country's heads of state and the formation of a joint commission with the two countries' foreign ministers as chairmen.

In 1993, the agricultural and tourism sectors were affected by the effects of the crisis in Europe. At the same time, trade with Senegal was affected by a decision by the West African Central Bank to no longer finance trade in CFA Francs outside the participating countries.

The Government of The Gambia took steps towards opening a new stage of national reconciliation. Among other things. it granted amnesty to members of the rebel movements who were pressing for the regime to fall.

In July 1994, a military coup removed President Dawda Jawara from power. He sought political asylum in Senegal after first seeking refuge on a North American warship visiting the Gambia. The presence of this warship in Banjul suggested the connection between the cavalry and the United States. The coup led by Yahya Jammeh started with protests from soldiers demanding payment for their peacekeeping efforts in Liberia.

 

Other Countries in Africa

Countries and Learners Copyright 1999 - 2020 All Rights Reserved