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Guatemala

Yearbook 1999

Guatemala. In February came the so-called Truth Commission's report on the 36-year-long civil war that ended in 1996. It blamed the government for 90% of the 200,000 people killed during the conflict, especially in the years 1982-83 when Efraín Ríos Montt was president. But the political violence is not gone from G. State Prosecutor Celvin Gallindo, who investigated the murder of Bishop Juan Gerardi in 1998 and who suggested it was politically motivated, fled to the United States in October after the death threat. The chief suspect, Air General Marco Túlio Espinosa, had previously been named Minister of Defense and has also been accused of destroying, on the former Minister of Defense's order, documents that designate the military as responsible for torture and disappearance. The 25 militants convicted of murdering 11 Indians in 1995 were sentenced to the minimum sentence of five years in prison, which was severely criticized by peace laureate Rigoberta Menchú. In May, a referendum, with extremely low participation, also rejected a draft constitutional supplement, which constituted the final point of the peace agreement with the guerrillas, which led to pessimism regarding the agreement's survival.

According to Countryaah official website, in the first round of the presidential elections on November 7, Alfonso Portillo from FRG (Frente Republicano Guatemalteco) received 48% and Oscar Berger from PAN (Partido de Avanzada Nacional) 30%. In the second presidential round, which took place on December 26, Portillo again won, with 68% of the vote, while opponent Oscar Berger got 32%.

1999 Guatemala

Surrounded by officers and senior police, President Jimmy Morales declared in September that he was dissolving the Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG). The Commission had been set up with the support of the UN in 2007 and was to fight corruption and impunity in the country. Acc. the president had instead promoted corruption, promoted legal action on a "theological basis" and sowed "legal terror" in the country. Morales had admitted he was in the firing line after CICIG in 2017 found that Morales had failed to report $ 1 million. US $ he and his party had received during the 2015 election campaign, with support from his right-wing friends in Washington - including The Trump administration - Morales felt confident enough to get rid of the CICIG, and thus the investigation into himself corrupt. (Guatemala on knife-edge after president moves to end anti-corruption body, Guardian 14/9 2018)

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