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Honduras

Yearbook 1999

Honduras. On January 27, General Mário Hung handed over the post of supreme military commander to President Carlos Flores, ending a 41-year military autonomy in which the military served as a kind of parallel government. At the same time, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces was abolished, the military's unofficial "Senate". The control over the military will henceforth lie with the Minister of Defense. But when he, Edgardo Dumas, tried to gain control of the military's budget and the president dismissed some high-ranking military, concerns arose in the military ranks. In August rumors or rumor attempts were rumored, and plans for a coup were said to have been in effect since May when President Flores was at a conference in Stockholm on rescue following Hurricane Mitch. According to Countryaah official website, the incident indicates that H: The military's historical strength is not entirely broken and that its civilian superiors are still forced to co-operate with them. In August, a mass grave was also discovered at the El Aguacate base, where political prisoners were held and Nicaraguan Contras soldiers trained during the 1980s.

1999 Honduras

In April 2015, the Supreme Court removed an article in the constitution that prevented a sitting president from running for office again. President Hernández then declared his intention to run for the next presidential election in 2017. Also in April, Parliament passed a law protecting human rights activists, journalists, social communicators and lawyers, but in August a wide range of popular organizations approached Parliament because the law was too vaguely worded and did not protect the groups it was intended for. In the first 6 months of the year alone, eight journalists were killed. In 2010-14, 86 lawyers and 22 human rights activists were killed.

In June 2015, it was revealed that the ruling Partido Nacional, together with the Honduran health service IHSS, was involved in a major corruption scandal that had cost the state several hundred million since 2012. €. When the scale of the scandal became known, hundreds of thousands of protesters walked the streets of the capital Tegucigalpa demanding the president's departure.

In October, the United States Department of Justice released a statement stating that Honduran Jaime Rosenthal, his son and nephew, along with his Bank Banco Occidental, were involved in drug trafficking. Rosenthal was a member of the competing Liberal Party PLH and a few days later the President dissolved Rosenthal's bank, which was then the country's 8th largest.

In March 2016, environmentalist Berta Cáceres was murdered. It happened in La Esperanza in the eastern part of the country where she was organizing protests against the construction of a dam that would have disastrous consequences for the Lenca people. Cáceres had strong enemies within the military, the police and among the landlords. In 2015, she was the recipient of the International Goldman Environmental Award. Four months later, another member of Cáceres' organization was murdered: Lesbia Yaneth Urquía. The month before, a soldier had revealed that Cáceres, along with several other politically active, had been on a death list circulating in the military.

As a consequence of the assassination of Cáceres, the Dutch Development Bank and the Finnish Industrial Cooperation Fund announced in May that they were withdrawing their support for the Agua Zarca dam project. In 2016, the United States supported the regime with $ 98.3 million. US $.

The level of violence continued at a generally high level, sending thousands into exile. Especially women, migrants, internal refugees and activists active in LGBT rights, environment and land. In response to the widespread violence, corruption and organized crime, the government transferred officers and soldiers to the security forces. The Inter-American Human Rights Commission was critical of this development, referring to the military's use of excessive as part of the security forces. The presence of the military in the territories of the indigenous people sparked social unrest and more than 100 senior police officers were fired in an attempt to curb the organized crime infiltration of the security forces.

In October 2016, José Ángel Flores and Silmer Dionisio George of the United Farmer Movement in Aguan were murdered. Both were shot on the way away from a meeting with farmers in the Bajo Aguán area of ​​northeast Honduras. The following month, Bertha Oliva, COFADEH human rights coordinator, was subjected to a smear campaign aimed at linking her to the drug cartels and discrediting her human rights work. COFADEH had a long history of supporting farmers in the Bajo Aguan area. Acc. The ACI-PARTICIPA NGO will never solve 90% of the murders and assaults on human rights activists in Honduras.

Honduras' constitution states that a president can only sit for a period of time. Still, in November 2016, President Hernández announced his intention to stand again. In December, the Supreme Electoral Commission decided by two votes against one that he could well run in his party's primary election. He won this election in March 2017, and then announced that despite the express constitutional ban, he intended to run for the November presidential election.

The November presidential election was won by Salvador Nasralla. The TSE Supreme Election Commission had promised in advance that it would announce election results in the order in which the votes were counted, but on the evening of November 26, TSE abruptly suspended the announcement for 7 hours. The next day it announced that Nasralla had received 45.17% against 40.21% for the incumbent president. TSE then rescheduled the count. This time for 36 hours. The following days, new figures were slowly released, and now Nasralla's 5% lead slowly faded in for Hernández to eventually lead. This "result" was rejected by both Nasralla and international election analysts. Throughout December there were demonstrations against the regime and its electoral fraud. By the end of the month, 31 had been killed by security forces. The dictatorship acknowledged support from the United States by voting in the UN General Assembly against the resolution canceling the superpower's relocation of its Israeli embassy to Jerusalem. The old Central American dictatorship states of Guatemala and Honduras were the only Latin American states to bow to US threats. (Families fear no justice for victims as 31 did in Honduras post-election violence, Guardian 2/1 2018)

 

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