Ireland. According to
Countryaah official website, 1999 began with a political scandal that shook
the Irish government after a revelation that EU commissioner
Padraig Flynn received £ 50,000 in gift from real estate
agent Tom Gilmartin in 1989. Flynn was environment minister
in the then government and the money was a political
donation to Fianna Fáil, the party that leads the current
Irish coalition government. But the money was never handed
over to the party, and in February Fianna Fáil demanded an
explanation of where the money went. In a vote in the Dáil
(Irish Parliament), whether or not an explanation was given,
Flynn's daughter Beverly Cooper-Flynn voted against her own
party Fianna Fáil. She lost the vote and resigned, leading
to a weakening of the ruling party.
In June, the international soccer organization UEFA
demanded that the EU decide the ongoing battle over the Euro
2000 football match. The Irish government refused to allow
Yugoslav football players in the country in protest of the
ongoing conflict in Kosovo.
In Prime Minister Bertie Ahern, the Irish who were abused
during their upbringing at Irish orphanages apologized at
the beginning of the year and promised to set up a
commission of inquiry, The Commission to Inquire into Child
Abuse, to investigate how many people of several generations
who have been exposed for abuse.
On October 19, 27,500 nurses went on strike for better
wages and working conditions. The Irish nurses demanded 35%
in salary increases, and their strike paralyzed all care
except emergency care. The Irish government refused to raise
its bid over the 22% offered by concerns that other public
servants would also demand salary increases.
During the year, the Irish and British governments made
new joint efforts to persuade the Northern Ireland parties
to form the new provincial government decided in the peace
agreement on Friday, 1998. I President Mary McAleese said in
a speech at the end of November that I. and Britain now
stands on the eve of a new era of closer relationships. On
December 2, I. took the historic step of abolishing
paragraphs two and three of the Constitution, thereby
abandoning its old territorial claim on Northern Ireland.
The two paragraphs were written into the Irish Constitution
in 1937, 21 years after the Easter rebellion against British
rule. The demand to bring back the northern province has
been a source of annoyance to many British governments and
provoked the Unionists in the north. But after the peace
deal in April 1998.
The Prehistory of Ireland
Ireland's prehistory is the history of the island of
Ireland from humans settled there around 7000 before our
time and up to the Middle Ages. Ireland is one of the areas
in Europe richest in past memories. This is because recent
cultivation has progressed less rapidly towards them than in
most other countries.
The oldest traces of people of prehistoric times in
Ireland date back to 7000 BCE. Humans then fed themselves
primarily on the ocean's resources. Large piles of shellfish
and other debris have been found in some parts of the coast.
Settlements have also been found inland. These are
particularly concentrated to the river banks.
The distinction between older and younger Stone Age is
based on the transition from the catch and collect economy
to the agricultural economy. In the north-east of Ireland,
clear examples of such a transition from capture to
agricultural adaptation have been found gradually. The old
hunter population has grown up with domesticated animals and
learned to make ceramics before starting to grow grain.
The oldest settlements where grain cultivation is
documented are dated to ca. 3700 BCE From the late 3000s
there are clear traces of many and large clearings in the
forest. The new agricultural economy was based on cattle,
sheep and goats, all of which were originally introduced. In
addition to these domestic animals, people have tamed and
You know of places where rectangular houses have stood,
such as Lough Gur in Limerick. A hard rock (porcelain anite)
found in the Antrim area was used for axes. Such axes have
been found as far away as Scotland. In the younger Stone
Age, large tombs such as jets and trenches were built. Such
tombs are often found in groups (for example, Boyne outside
The bell cup culture builds a bridge between the younger
Stone Age and the Bronze Age. From this transition period, a
number of copper works are known as flat axes and daggers.
Gold ornaments (lunulae) were also made.
The bronze age
In the Bronze Age (c. 2000–600 / 500 BCE) a tradition
developed in the bronze craft, and axes, daggers and daggers
were exported to the continent. In addition, beautiful gold
objects were made. In Ireland there were tin deposits that
were in great demand. The copper sulphides were also
utilized. Few finds of Bronze Age settlements have been
made. On the other hand, a number of burial sites are known.
The dead were buried in round piles or rubble or in stone
coffins under flat ground.
Settlements on artificial islands in lakes or marsh areas
are known (see crannog). This type of settlement was built
until the Christian era. The earliest ring bastards are
probably from this time as well.
The iron age
The Iron Age lasted from approx. 600-500 BCE to
Christianity's introduction in the 400s, possibly, both
crannogs and ring bourgeoisie as settlements. The chronology
of the Iron Age is largely based on style analyzes of the
beautifully decorated bronze objects from this period.
Ireland, unlike England, was not conquered by the Romans,
and the Roman influence seems to have been relatively weak.
Alongside the archaeological material, ancient laws,
legends and written accounts of the Christian monks have
been preserved in Ireland, all of which contribute to
increased knowledge of the Iron Age community. The sources
tell of a stratified society that has been led by an
aristocracy. Relationships and duties towards leaders have
been strong forces in society.