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Yearbook 1999

1999 ItalyItaly. According to Countryaah official website, Italy got a new president in May when the electoral college with just over two-thirds majority already cast their votes on 78-year-old Carlo Azeglio Ciampi. He succeeded Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, whose seven-year term as head of state then expired. The constituency of the Election College's 1,010 members was, according to the Constitution, picked up among the members of Parliament and were representatives of the 20 regions of Italy Ciampi was previously Minister of Finance and Budget and is considered to have played a key role in Italy Last year, he succeeded in meeting the convergence requirements for joining Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). In his introductory speech, the President emphasized that he considered one of his most important tasks during his term of office to bring about a reform of the Constitution and a new electoral law.

1999 Italy

A referendum on an amendment to the electoral law was held in April, but only 49.6% of the voters went to the polls, and 50% is required for the vote to be valid. Of those who voted, 99% said yes to the proposal. The highest turnout was in the rich north and lowest in the poor south. The amendment to the electoral laws was intended to abolish the proportional electoral system, which in practice means that a large number of small parties enter the parliament and thus have the opportunity to support governments. They have done so diligently, too, and D'Alema's ministry is I's 56th since World War II. Former Communist D'Alema became prime minister in the fall of 1998, when the then head of government Romano Prodi had failed to get through his proposal for a austerity budget for 1999 and was forced to resign.

Despite the typical political intrigues and fox games typical of Italy, D'Alema managed to keep his ministry together until the end of the year, when the government fell to a vote of no confidence in Parliament. D'Alema, however, quickly formed a new government, which became I's 57th since World War II. During the year, the Prime Minister initiated a series of reforms, among other things. in school and medical care, but at the turn of the year he still had a long way to go to get the Italian economy in the condition that the EU expects. In recent years there has been a desire in the country for a more prominent international position, preferably within the UN, where one could imagine a permanent seat in the Security Council - or at least something similar.

D'Alema's center-left government strengthened I's international profile when it decided to send 5,500 peacekeepers to Kosovo and 600 paratroopers to East Timor. D'Alema had a good balance when NATO in the spring and summer bombed Yugoslavia. He managed to calm the population - many harbored dislike for the operation - i.a. by giving the impression that Italy was doing his best in NATO to bring a swift end to the military alliance's war against Yugoslavia. However, there is much left for D'Alema to do in domestic politics, especially in the judiciary, where many feel that the courts are sometimes disputed. This applies, for example. the lawsuits against former Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, who was released by a Perugia court late last summer for the incitement to murder a "burgeoning" journalist. Similarly, in Palermo, a court of 80 freed 80-year-old Andreotti, who has been head of government seven times, for conspiring with the mafia. The Italians 'suspicion of the authorities' lies was given new fuel when charges were brought in the autumn against four generals for high treason and violations of the Constitution. The generals are suspected of providing incorrect information to authorities about the reason why a DC-9 plane from the then Itavia airline with 81 people aboard in 1980 crashed into the sea north of Sicily. Five military intelligence men were indicted for manslaughter. From the investigation to judge, the DC-9 ended up in crossfire during an air battle between Libya and NATO combat planes. This has been proven by the fact that divers have found parts of a robot in the wreckage of DC-9. Generally, the generals wanted to avoid revealing NATO's role in the crash.

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