Kenya. According to
Countryaah official website, the economic crunch continued from an already
catastrophic level, and the government sent unclear signals
about its ambitions to overcome the problems and restore the
world's confidence in K. As a remission to the World Bank,
in July, Nature Conservation Chief Richard Leakey, formerly
one of President Daniel arap Moi's chief, was appointed
critics, to the head of state administration with the
mission of increasing efficiency and fighting corruption.
Between 60,000 and 120,000 government services were
estimated to be phased out, but Moi said in September that
there would be no layoffs at all. In April, when Moi resumed
his post as Vice President, who had been vacant for just
over a year, he elected George Saitoti, a man from the old,
suspicious elite. Saitoti was Vice President until 1997 and
Finance Minister in 1983-92.
A decision to reduce the number of ministries from 27 to
15 was regarded as a cosmetic change, as the number of
ministers was unchanged and a number of people from the
closest circle around Moi were allowed to remain.
The budget deficit increased during the year, growth
slowed and the state lagged behind with the repayments on
the external debt. Capital flight increased dramatically in
September, as investors' confidence in the Nairobi Stock
Exchange declined. Since the beginning of the year, the
stock market index had fallen by 18%.
In December 94, the international financial institutions
and Kenya's creditor countries declared themselves satisfied
with the economic policy and implementation of multi-party
governance. In 95, Nairobi announced partial privatization
of the national carrier and other important state companies.
In March 96, the World Bank granted a $ 115 million loan to
improve the country's road network, and a month later, the
IMF granted $ 214 million that had been withheld since 94.
That same year, Kenya signed an economic and technical
cooperation agreement with China and Iran offered assistance
in the areas of energy, industry and agriculture.
In 1997, thousands of people had to be displaced as a
result of floods that hit the northeastern part of the
country. At the same time, the economic and political
tensions increased significantly during the year. In
February, thousands of students demonstrated after the
killing of a student leader. In late October, an opposition
candidate was killed during an exchange of gunfire between
police and criminals. In Nairobi, the government and parts
of the opposition started negotiations on the matter. the
implementation of elections. In November, Moi dissolved
parliament, and on December 29, he was re-elected with 40.1%
of the vote. At the same time, the ruling party got 109 out
of Parliament's 202 seats. In January 98, the controversial
president appointed his new government.
Environmental groups and fisheries authorities warned
that serious damage to the ecosystem of Lake Victoria - a
world's largest fishery reserve - could be expected if
governments in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania failed to stop the
poisoning of the lake's fish and the adjacent rivers.
Fishermen from all three countries use chemical products to
poison the fish and thus increase their catch.
Arap Moi declared himself in favor of a ban on female
circumcision. However, the statement reinforced this
practice and made it far more dangerous as girls were
subjected to the surgical procedure in the middle of the
night and at a lower age than usual. In response, an NGO
introduced an alternative tradition known as Ntanira na
Mugambo - "circumcision through words". Ntanira na Mugambo
began to displace the traditional mistreatment of the female
genitalia, which is still practiced in half of the country's
In March 2000, an African summit was held in Nairobi
against the proliferation of firearms. Subsequently, in line
with the summit's decisions, Moi gave free rein to the
handing over of illegal weapons in Kenya to the country's
authorities. The same month, the media announced that the
famine in the Wajir area killed dozens of people, and at the
same time accused the government of ignoring the situation.
The government, in turn, denied that there was a famine at
all, and instead accused the media of "politicizing the
drought". Yet, the year as a whole became the worst drought
year in the last 100 years. The drought led to food
shortages, rationing of water and interruptions of
electricity supply to both private and industrial sectors.
In 2001, US President Bush cut off assistance to Kenya in
family planning. The reason was a rumor that condom sales
were used to fund abortion. To curb the spread of HIV, the
government was instead forced to buy condoms from a German
company funded by the World Bank.