Lebanon. According to
Countryaah official website, the year was marked by continued attacks and
counter-attacks between, on the one hand, the guerrilla
group of Hizbullah (the Party of God) and, on the other,
Israeli or Israeli-backed troops, especially in the zone
occupied by Israel in southern Lebanon. On February 20, four
Israelis were killed, including a brigade general, of a
series of explosive charges that exploded around the car in
which they were traveling through the zone. Israel responded
by moving large military forces toward the Lebanese border,
but no invasion ever came. At the same time, Israel occupied
the village of Arnun just north of the zone, citing that
Hizbullah would have used it as a base. The occupation was
criticized by international overseers. In June, the
Israeli-backed SLA (Southern Lebanese Army) withdrew from
its base in Jezzine in the northeastern zone. The war
affected the civilian population. Eight civilian Lebanese
were reported to have been killed in June when Israel
attacked infrastructure targets in central and southern L.
Israel said the attacks were a reaction to Hizbullah killing
two civilian Israelis in northern Israel, to which Hizbullah
responded that that attack had been a reaction to a previous
one. Israeli attack that had damaged seven Lebanese
civilians. During the autumn, the character of the war
changed. Since Israel's newly elected Prime Minister Ehud
Barak had promised that Israeli forces would have withdrawn
by the summer of 2000, Hizbullah's attacks on Israeli and
Israel-friendly targets intensified, with Israel responding
with escalated guerrilla air bombings. At the same time,
Israel, in order to avoid losses, withdrew some of its
ground troops. In the 1999 budget, the government sought to
reduce the deficit through increased taxes and more
efficient tax collection. Trade union organizations objected
to the measures, which they believed would lower living
standards for most residents.
In an attempt to curb the smuggling of weapons, Syrian
military mined the border area to Lebanon - to considerable
danger to both refugees and Lebanese.
From May 2012, open battles broke out again in Tripoli,
and now it was mainly Salafists on one side and the Lebanese
army on the other. Several were killed during salafist
demonstrations demanding the release of an imprisoned
comrade. On May 20, the conflict escalated sharply when a
prominent Sunni mulla, Sheikh Ahmad Abdel-Wahid was killed
by a roadblock controlled by the army. The conflict
immediately spread to Beirut. In an effort to reduce
tensions, the army arrested the 22 soldiers who had been
present at the roadblock. Hezbollah condoled against the
Sunni storms and a number of prominent Salafists were
released. Still, the confrontations continued. 41 were
killed through May and June. Alone on 2-3. On June 15, 15
people were killed in Tripoli and in the same month the
confrontations spread to a number of Palestinian refugee
camps and to southern Lebanon, which is traditionally
Hezbollah. Salafists went into demonstration against
Hezbollah's overwhelming weapons power.
In October 2012, a violent bomb attack was carried out in
Beirut. Apparently targeting the country's intelligence
chief, Wissam al-Hassan, who was killed along with 5 others.
The attack immediately sparked fights between the various
political groups in the country. The Western world
immediately accused Syria of being behind the attack.
However, it had no explanation for what interest the
strongly-pressured Assad regime should have in whipping up a
fierce anti-Syrian sentiment in its neighboring country.
Other observers pointed to Israel as the likely backbone of
the bomb. It was al-Hassan who in 2009 had revealed and
rolled out an extensive Israeli spy network in Lebanon.
Mossad therefore had a great motive to say thank you
lately. Israel has a long historical tradition of
conducting violent assaults on its opponents abroad.
Finally, the attack could support the Western world's desire
for military intervention against Syria.
Prime Minister Mikati resigned from the post in March
2013 following mounting tensions in the country between
supporters and opponents of Syria's Assad. The president
instead appointed Tammam Salam to head a new assembly
government. Also, the March 14 Movement supported him in
this. Government formation took 11 months. In February 2014,
Salam was able to present its new government.
In April, Syrian opposition groups sent mortar grenades
down a Shiite village in the northern part of the Bekaa
Valley. Two were killed and three injured.
In Tripoli, battles between Sunnis and Shiites flared up
again in May 2013. The battlefield was especially the
Shia-dominated Jabal Mohsen district and the Sunni-dominated
Bab al-Tabbaneh. 28 were killed and hundreds injured. In
October, bitter battles returned, resulting in 13 kills and
91 wounded. On October 28, the army entered both districts
and stopped fighting. Already on November 30, new matches
came. Also in the southern city of Saida there was bloody
fighting in June between the army and armed Sunnis who
supported the rebellion in Syria. 18 soldiers and 28 armed
Sunnis were killed.