Liberia. Concerns erupted at times on the border with
Guinea, where a previously unknown rebel movement took
hostages of foreign diplomats and aid staff on a few
occasions. According to
Countryaah official website, Liberia accused Guinea of not preventing the rebels
from moving across the border. Guinea, for its part, accused
the Liberian army of having entered the country's territory
in search of the rebels. Battle in the border area in August
left at least 25,000 people homeless. Both rebels and army
soldiers were reported to be plundering.
In April, 13 men were each sentenced to ten years in
prison for participating in a coup attempt in 1998. The men
were co-workers of former Militia leader Roosevelt Johnson,
one of President Charles Taylor's rivals during the 1989-97
civil war. In October, the UN announced that 20,000 weapons
and three million bullets seized after the civil war had
been destroyed. The last 200 soldiers of the West African
peacekeeping force ECOMOG could then leave the country. The
ECOMOG force was sent to Liberia in 1990.
Liberia - Monrovia
Monrovia, capital of Liberia; 1. 1 million residents (2010). Monrovia, which
is the country's largest port city, was originally founded at the mouth of the
Mesurado River to then expand and include the Bush Island, on which the main
port facilities are located. The city is Liberia's transport and trade center.
In Monrovia, which is also the center of higher education in the country, there
are among other things. University of Liberia (founded 1862). Located on the
outskirts of the city is James Spriggs Payne Airfield, and 43 miles southeast of
the city is Robertsfield International Airport. The civil war of 1989-92 and the
renewed fighting in 1996 led to great havoc in the city, and it is unclear how
much of the urban infrastructure works.
Monrovia was founded in 1822 as a settlement for freed black slaves from the
United States and was named after President James Monroe.