Luxembourg. According to
Countryaah official website, in the June parliamentary elections at the
same time as the EU elections, the ruling party Party
Chrétien Social (PCS, the Christian Socialists) lost two
seats, but remained Luxembourg's largest party with 19 of the 60
seats of the Chamber of Deputies. The party leader and Prime
Minister Jean-Claude Juncker were therefore again given the
task of forming a government.
But the PCS coalition partner since 1984, Party Ouvrier
Socialiste Luxembourgeois (POSL, Luxembourg's Socialist
Workers' Party), lost four seats. The party ended up in
third place in the House with 13 seats after the Parti
Démocratique Luxembourgeois (PDL, Luxembourg's Democratic
Party), which got 15 seats and thus joined the government
coalition instead of POSL.
There were no major changes in the religious persecution
following Stalin's death in 1953, and the Catholic Church's
resistance continued to be linked to the defense of
nationality. In 1972, the illegal bulletin of the Lithuanian
Human Rights Movement called itself "The Chronicle of the
Lithuanian Catholic Church." That same year, the funeral of
a young man triggered extensive clashes that cost 15 lives
and led to 3,000 arrests.
The opening - glasnost - which began with
Mikhail Gorbachov's takeover of power in the Soviet Union
triggered a comprehensive agitation in Lithuania. In June
1988, the Lithuanian Movement for Perestroika was formed,
whose executive committee called itself Sejm - the
name of the Lithuanian parliament during independence - and
became known by the name of Sajudis. Sajudis
established a kind of double power parallel to the official,
demanding a return to the peace treaties recognizing the
country's independence, the Soviet invasion being the result
of a secret agreement of no legal value.
In July, the League for Lithuanian Freedom stepped
forward for the first time. It was formed in 1978 and now
directly demanded the withdrawal of Soviet troops from the
country, demanded independence and formulated plans for
accession to the EU. The repression against this
organization's demonstrations sparked protests from both
this and Sajudis and led to a crisis in the
leadership of the Lithuanian Communist Party.
One of the main concerns of the Lithuanians, Latvians and
Swedes was the Ignalina nuclear power plant in eastern
Lithuania up one of the country's largest national parks.
Ignalina was projected by the Soviet Union to be the largest
of its kind in the world with 4 reactors similar to those in
Chernobyl. After massive protests in 1988, authorities
closed the second reactor for safety reasons and halted the
The Government of Lithuania did not want to go as far as
Estonia's Supreme Soviet, which had unilaterally declared
Estonia independent. Instead, the Lithuanian government
began to grant concessions to the nationalists, such as the
reintroduction of the country's flag and national anthem,
recognition of Independence Day, acceptance of
demonstrations, introduction of Lithuanian as the official
language, and the restoration of the cathedral in Vilnius
and other churches.