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Malawi

Yearbook 1999

Malawi. According to Countryaah official website, general elections were held in May. The ruling United Democratic Front (United Democratic Front, UDF) lost fine to an alliance between the Malawi Congress Party and the Alliance for Democracy Party (AFORD), but still gained its own majority after four partyless members moved to the UDF. The days following the election, unrest was raging in opposition-dominated areas, where cheating was felt. Among other things, as many as 168,000 potential voters were said to have not received any voting cards. The election accentuated the regional gaps that have emerged in Malawi, where the UDF dominates the southern country end while the Congress Party is strongest in the central parts and AFORD is the largest in the north.

In the presidential election, incumbent Prime Minister Bakili Muluzi won just over 52% over opposition alliance candidate Gwanda Chakwanda, who got just over 45% of the vote.

In October, President Muluzi was able to further enjoy the sweetness of the victory by officially marrying his bourgeois wife for twelve years, 21-year-old Patricia Fukila, in a religious ceremony. Opposition leaders rejected the large-scale party, which they claimed robbed the Treasury of about SEK 3 million.

1999 Malawi

After several years of delay, in February 2015, the courts began reviewing the death sentence, after the district court in 2007 declared the death penalty in violation of the constitution. 46 prisoners were immediately released while 5 others were sentenced to prison terms. Following the periodic review of human rights in the country, the government accepted 154 out of the 199 UN Human Rights Council recommendations. The rejected recommendations were mainly about the death penalty and the criminalization of sex between people of the same sex.

In February 2016, three Malawi Congress Party MPs were arrested: Jessie Kabwila. Ulemu Msungama and Peter Chankwantha. They were charged with statements on social media and subsequently released on bail. The arrests were contrary to the law granting parliamentarians immunity.

In March 2016, the government appointed a special attorney to assist in the handling of crime cases targeting albinos. At least 7 albinos were killed by criminal gangs in the country in 2016. Including 23-month-old Whitney Chilumpha and 9-year-old Harry Mokoshoni.

In July, students at the University of Malawi demonstrated a triple the tuition fee. At Chancellor College in Zomba, police stormed the college and fired tear gas at students seeking refuge in their rooms. A video footage showed police killing two female students. Later, 14 students at Malawi Polytechnic near Blantyre were arrested and charged with disturbing public order. They were later released on bail. Eleven students at Kamuzu College of Nursing were also arrested and charged with inciting violence. They were also released on bail.

The country was hit by drought in 2016 and in January 2017 reports of attacks by the African armyworm in the area around Zomba. The pest can breed large areas of crops in no time.

 

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