Mali. According to
Countryaah official website, fewer natural resources, water scarcity and unclear
ownership of the land are believed to have been behind
fighting between Arabs and the Kinta people in northeastern
Mali in June and October. Dozens of people were reported to
have been killed on both occasions. The conflict has been
exacerbated by the fact that large quantities of weapons are
still in operation after the civil war between Tuareggerilla
and the army that ended in 1996.
In August, the International Monetary Fund approved a
three-year loan of around SEK half a billion to support the
government's economic reforms. About a dozen senior
executives were dismissed at about the same time. the
customs and tax authorities as part of the fight against
corruption. Assessors saw the dismissals as an attempt by
the government to qualify Mali for the World Bank's debt
Former dictator Moussa Traoré and his wife and
brother-in-law were sentenced in January to death for
embezzlement. All of the later death sentences were
transformed into lifetime penalties by President Alpha Oumar
Konaré. It was the second time Konaré saved his
representative's life. Traoré was sentenced to death in 1997
for the shooting deaths of protesters in 1991. That
punishment was also converted to life.
Mali - Bamako
Bamako, the capital of Mali; 1. 8 million residents (2010). Bamako, located
in the southwestern part of the country, on the Niger River, is Mali's largest
city. It is primarily an administrative center, but also an important trading
center with a river port. The industry is mainly focused on the processing of
food and other agricultural products. The city has an international airport and
rail connection to Dakar in Senegal.
Bamako was founded in 1650, occupied by the French in 1880 and became the
capital of the French Sudan colony in 1908.