Mauritania. According to
Countryaah official website, the municipal elections at the end of January
meant a success for the ruling party Parti Républicain
Démocratique et Social (PRDS). However, the election result
was annulled in about ten electoral districts due to
irregularities. It was the first time a Mauritanian
government party recognized the existence of electoral
fraud. All major opposition parties boycotted the election.
In the capital Nouakchott, only one in five voters voted,
but in some parts of the countryside, turnout was as high as
At the beginning of the year, there was information that
Mauritania received nuclear waste from Israel, which was denied by
the authorities. In April, the independent Le Calame was
banned from publishing for three months. No official reason
was stated, but it was speculated that the newspaper's
reports on the nuclear waste issue were crucial. Mauritania resumed
diplomatic relations with Israel at the end of October. A
week later, the contact with Iraq was broken. Mauritania accused
Baghdad of trying to initiate student protests against the
Nouakchott government. In connection with this, a political
party with ties to the Iraqi government was banned.
Nouakchott, the capital of Mauritania in West Africa; 958,400 residents
(2013). The city is located on the Atlantic coast in the border zone between the
Saharan sand desert and the annual flooded salt lakes on the coast. It became a
cure. 1957 and designated as the capital of Mauritania's independence in 1960.
In 1969, the population was only 20,000, but during the drought years in the
Sahel, refugees flocked to the city, and it has now grown to the edge of the
salt lakes, and slum has spread for miles along the precipitous roads.
In the 1980's, with Chinese assistance, a deep-water port was built 10 km
south of the city; it has attracted some trade and industry, but also slum
construction. Nouakchott's center, with low houses and wide avenues, gives a
mixed Franco-Arabic impression, while the omnipresent sand tells of the
proximity of the desert.