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Mauritania

Yearbook 1999

Mauritania. According to Countryaah official website, the municipal elections at the end of January meant a success for the ruling party Parti Républicain Démocratique et Social (PRDS). However, the election result was annulled in about ten electoral districts due to irregularities. It was the first time a Mauritanian government party recognized the existence of electoral fraud. All major opposition parties boycotted the election.

1999 Mauritania

In the capital Nouakchott, only one in five voters voted, but in some parts of the countryside, turnout was as high as 90%.

At the beginning of the year, there was information that Mauritania received nuclear waste from Israel, which was denied by the authorities. In April, the independent Le Calame was banned from publishing for three months. No official reason was stated, but it was speculated that the newspaper's reports on the nuclear waste issue were crucial. Mauritania resumed diplomatic relations with Israel at the end of October. A week later, the contact with Iraq was broken. Mauritania accused Baghdad of trying to initiate student protests against the Nouakchott government. In connection with this, a political party with ties to the Iraqi government was banned.

Nouakchott

Nouakchott, the capital of Mauritania in West Africa; 958,400 residents (2013). The city is located on the Atlantic coast in the border zone between the Saharan sand desert and the annual flooded salt lakes on the coast. It became a cure. 1957 and designated as the capital of Mauritania's independence in 1960. In 1969, the population was only 20,000, but during the drought years in the Sahel, refugees flocked to the city, and it has now grown to the edge of the salt lakes, and slum has spread for miles along the precipitous roads.

In the 1980's, with Chinese assistance, a deep-water port was built 10 km south of the city; it has attracted some trade and industry, but also slum construction. Nouakchott's center, with low houses and wide avenues, gives a mixed Franco-Arabic impression, while the omnipresent sand tells of the proximity of the desert.

 

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