Mozambique. In the summer, the International Monetary
Fund, the IMF, and the World Bank found that Mozambique had
met the criteria for obtaining foreign loans of $ 3.7
million. In recent years, extensive economic reforms have
been implemented, which has led to an increase in foreign
investment and led to economic growth of over ten per cent a
Countryaah official website, presidential and general elections were held in early
December when FRELIMO (Frente de Libertação de Mozambique)
received 68%. This meant that FRELIMO got 133 seats in
parliament, an increase of four seats. The opposition party,
RENAMO (Resistencia Nacional Mozambicana), in coalition with
eleven small parties, received 39% of the vote, which
corresponded to 117 seats in parliament. President Joaquim
Alberto Chissano was re-elected with just over 52% of the
vote, while his RENAMO rival, Afonso Marcela Masacho
Dlakama, had to settle for 48%.
After the Election Commission had published the results
at the end of December after a several-week long and
controversial vote count, RENAMO accused FRELIMO of
electoral fraud and announced its intention to take the case
before the Supreme Court. The turnout was close to 70%, and
the elections were overseen by some seventy international
observers with former US President Jimmy Carter in the lead.
Mozambique - Maputo
Maputo, until 1976 Lourenço Marques, capital of Mozambique; 1. 1
million residents (2017). Maputo, located on the Indian Ocean, was, before
independence in 1975, a popular seaside resort for white South Africans and
Rhodesians. The port is one of East Africa's most important, and within the
industry are breweries, shipyards and the cement, textile, furniture and
ceramics industries. Maputo has a university (founded in 1962).
The city was founded in 1545 and gained city rights in 1887. It was the
administrative center of the colony, called Lourenço Marques, and
became the capital after independence in 1975 with the name Maputo.