Niger. According to
Countryaah official website, President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara was killed in
April by his bodyguards. The murder was believed to be
linked to a criticized decision by the Supreme Court two
days earlier to annul the local elections in February, when
the opposition won. Guard Chief Major Daouda Malam Wanké was
named new head of state and promised to reinstate civilian
rule within nine months.
Almost all aid was interrupted after the coup, which
explained the urgency to return to democracy. N. is
classified by the United Nations as the world's second
poorest country and is severely affected by the recent
uranium price collapse, the foremost natural resource.
Missing wages to government employees often lead to unrest.
A new constitution that diminished the president's power
was adopted in a referendum, despite criticism that the
political deadlock that led to Maïnassara's coup in 1996 was
caused by the then constitution having the same division of
power between the president and the government as the new
In the November presidential election, Tandja won
Mamadou, a 61-year-old retired colonel and former interior
minister. He represented the old state-bearing party MNSD,
which together with allies also won in the parliamentary
elections held at the same time. As Prime Minister, MNSD
Secretary-General Hama Amadou was appointed, who previously
held the same post.
In December 2015, the military arrested 9 officers for
plans to conduct a military coup. Opposition leader Hama
Amadou rejected the existence of coup plans, accusing the
government of creating a politically high-spirited
atmosphere before the February 2016 elections.
The 2016 presidential and parliamentary elections became
a messy affair. During the first round of the presidential
election, the incumbent President Issoufou got 48.4% of the
vote, while opposition leader Hama Amadou came in second
with 17.7%. The two candidates therefore had to run in
another election round. But two weeks before the second
election, the opposition announced it was boycotting the
election. However, 3 days later, Amadou announced that he
was still standing. The opposition candidate therefore stood
at the same time as the opposition boycotted the election.
In the second election, Issoufou got 92.5% of the vote while
Amadou got 7.5%. At the same time, turnout decreased from
66.8% to 59.8%. In addition to boycotting the election, the
opposition now accused the president of electoral fraud.
In the parliamentary elections, parties supporting
Issoufou received 118 out of 171 seats. When Parliament met
at the end of March, the opposition announced it was
boycotting Parliament. Up to the formation of a government
in April, Issoufou called on the opposition to join a
national unity government, which it rejected. Brigi Raffini
continued in the post of Prime Minister.
By the end of 2016, the number of refugees in the Diffa
region in need of humanitarian aid had risen to over
300,000. There were 184,000 internally displaced persons,
29,000 refugees returned and 88,000 refugees from Nigeria.
Four North American elite soldiers and 6 Niger soldiers
were killed in October 2017 as they fell into an ambush
conducted by Islamic State in Greater Sahara (ISGS). 11
North American elite soldiers and 30 Nigerian soldiers were
to gather intelligence in the western part of the country
near the Mali border. In previous years, ISGS had grown in
the face of contradictions and water disputes between
Tuareger from Mali and Fulanis from Niger. Yet another
fundamentalist organization that had emerged as a result of
the West's war on Libya in 2011 that sent thousands of armed
Tuaregans back to Mali.