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Papua New Guinea

Yearbook 1999

Papua New Guinea. According to Countryaah official website, about 60 people lost their lives in tribal battles that raged in the Eastern Highlands province in March. The combatants used modern light weapons that were probably stolen from the army.

1999 Papua New Guinea

The so-called reconciliation government on the island of Bougainville was replaced by an election in May by a People's Congress that appointed Joseph Kabui as chairman. The year before, a peace agreement had been concluded between the PNG government and the island of Bougainville's rebel army, which for nine years fought in vain for independence.

In June, Prime Minister Bill Skate dismissed four of the coalition government's ministers and replaced them with members of the opposition. Shortly thereafter, nine ministers left the government, and in early July Bill Skate found it too good to resign himself before the opposition had the chance to conduct a planned vote of no confidence. New government leader was Mekere Morauta, leader of the People's Democratic Movement. Morauta was supported by 99 of the Parliament's 105 members. The Foreign Minister was appointed veteran politician and PNG's first Prime Minister Michael Somare, who was also given responsibility for the sensitive issues regarding Bougainville.

Morauta's measures to stabilize the currency, balance the budget and privatize state-owned companies won confidence with the World Bank, which in November promised PNG a $ 300 million aid program linked to ongoing restructuring. During the year, among other things, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs budget reduced by 40%, and a temporary ban was introduced on foreign trips for ministers and government officials.

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