Peru. The year may be said to have been marked by the
outside world's criticism of the legal status in Peru. On
July 7, the Congress of Peru rejected the so-called
jurisdiction of the San José Tribunal (Inter-American Court
of Human Rights). The reason was that it demanded a new,
civil trial against four members of the MRTA guerrilla
movement who were sentenced in a military court in 1994. The
dismissal of three members of the Supreme Court, which
refused to grant President Alberto Fujimori the right to be
re-elected in April 2000, has also been criticized.
According to Digopaul,
Andean Law Commission (CAJ) condemned Peru for lack of
control mechanisms against the president and for an
independent, inefficient and corrupt legal system.
Fujimori's nationalist rhetoric against the San José
Tribunal, as well as his harsh treatment of imprisoned
guerrillas, are generally considered to be aimed at public
opinion in Peru and to prepare it for his reelection, but
also to hide Peru's poor economy suffering from a permanent
liquidity crisis and poor investment climate. At the same
time, the tight government reforms continue - during the
year Peru has had three prime ministers. In November,
however, Fujimori seemed to take the impression of the
international criticism against him and promised to review
the security service and its powerful chief Vladimiro Montesino's activities. The
direct reason is that Peru's reputation among international
investors has been hurt and that loans from the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank may be
conditioned by Peru's measures against lawlessness.
In July, Oscar Ramírez ("Comrade Feliciano"), the
military leader of Sendero Rojo, was arrested the hard core
of the now-defunct guerrilla group Sendero Luminoso who is
still fighting the government.