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Republic of the Congo

Yearbook 1999

Congo. The year was marked by continued fighting between the army and the so-called Ninjamilis, loyal to former Prime Minister Bernard KolÚlas. Rail traffic between Brazzaville and the port city of Pointe-Noire was often down after militia attacks, which caused major problems with the supply in the capital. In July, the army regained control of the railway and several major militias. Tens of thousands of civilians who have been on the run for months in the rainforest could begin to return, only to find their homes plundered and destroyed. The Doctors Without Borders (MSF) organization said that both sides subjected the refugees to cruel abuse. According to Countryaah official website, MSF accused the Ninjamilis of holding more than a quarter of a million people hostage in the forests around Brazzaville. When they were finally able to return, they were met with "total indifference" by the army and the authorities at best. According to MSF, many young men suspected of conspiring with the militia were executed.

1999 Republic of the Congo

Following a call from President Denis Sassou-Nguesso to exile members of the former government to return and contribute to national reconciliation, eight former ministers tabled a proposal for a return to multi-party democracy after a five-year transition period during Sassou-Nguesso.

The World Bank halted the continued disbursement of a loan intended to evaluate the economic and social reform program that began after the formal end of the civil war in 1997. The aid freeze was justified by the impossibility of guaranteeing the security of foreign experts.

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