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Yearbook 1999

Rwanda. According to Countryaah official website, the United Nations Tribunal in Tanzania issued two life sentences for participation in the 1994 genocide. Georges Rutaganda, one of the top leaders of the Interahamwé hutumilis, was convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity. He participated in in the murders of thousands of Tutsis who sought protection at the Kigali University of Technology. Former governor Clément Kayishema had, according to witnesses, paid for the severed heads of educated Tutsis, had a shaft machine demolish a church where people sought shelter and whipped a child with a sword.

1999 Rwanda

However, prosecutors dropped the lawsuit against Major Bernard Ntuyahaga with the intention of bringing him to trial in Belgium. Ntuyahaga was charged with the assassination of Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiyimana and ten Belgian UN soldiers who protected her. But since the judges did not consider themselves empowered to extradite him to another country, he seemed instead to be free. However, the government of Tanzania later extradited him to Rwanda. There was great anger in Rwanda when the tribunal released one of the central instigators of the genocide, former Chief of the Political Affairs Department of Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza, for trial reasons. He was also the leader of an extremist party and member of the board at a radio station devoted to the genocide. Rwanda suspended cooperation with the tribunal and issued an international arrest warrant on Barayagwiza.

Former Prime Minister of Sweden Ingvar Carlsson was commissioned by UN head Kofi Annan to investigate UN action in Rwanda in connection with the genocide. The report, which was submitted in December, drew sharp criticism of the UN's inability to stave off genocide, despite the prior knowledge of such a preparation, and the latitude to intervene even when the disaster was evident.

In July, the transitional government extended its mandate by five years on the grounds that conditions in Rwanda do not yet allow democratic elections to be held. Local elections without party participation, however, were held in March.

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