Solomon Islands. According to
Countryaah official website, the area around the capital Honiara on
the island of Guadalcanal was plagued during the first half
of the year by severe ethnic contradictions. An armed
militant group campaigned against immigrants from the island
of Malaita and demanded back land on which they settled and
complained that they were taking jobs from the locals.
Several people were killed and many injured in the violence,
and thousands of the inmates fled the island. In June, the
authorities imposed an emergency permit on Guadalcanal and
Fiji's former Prime Minister Sitiveni Rabuka was
commissioned to mediate the conflict. According to an
agreement concluded between the provincial governments of
Guadalcanal and Malaita, the armed group would disband and
relinquish its weapons. But new violence followed with more
deaths. In August, however, a new peace agreement was
In July, the government signed a contract with a
Malaysian forest company that was authorized to cut down
10,000 ha of rain forest on the island of Vangunu. Oil palm
trees should then be planted in the area.
In 2003, the cyclone ravaged the Zoe Islands, leaving
only a few traces of life on the Tikopia Atoll.
Communications between the islands were interrupted during
the ravages of the cyclone and subsequently the government
was unable to send relief due to lack of financial
In July, a regional armed intervention force put an end
to four years of armed clashes in the country. It was the
most important step forward in ending the situation of
violence and impunity that had prevailed since the armed
conflict broke out in 1999. Before days before the operation
began, the military leader Harold Keke declared a ceasefire
and released 4 of the 7 hostages had taken in June. A month
later, he surrendered to the intervention force.
Guadalcanal Liberation Front leader Harold Keke was
sentenced to life in prison along with 2 other members of
his organization for the assassination of the priest and MP
Augustine Geve in 2002. Australia celebrated the sentencing
and characterized it as "a qualitative step forward...
demonstrating that the Solomon Islands judiciary" is on its
way to once again enforcing the laws of the country ».
The April 2006 appointment of former Finance Minister
Snyder Rini triggered riots and demonstrations claiming his
appointment was illegal and favored local and Chinese
interests alone. After 8 days, Rini resigned from the post
and Parliament appointed Manasseh Sogavare instead.
In April 2007, the islands were hit by a tsunami that
cost 18 lives and several dozens injured.
Prime Minister Sogavare fell by a vote of no confidence
in December 2007 and was replaced by the post of Derek
Sikua's Liberal Party suffered a crushing defeat in the
2010 elections, when Sikua was elected the only one. New
Prime Minister became Danny Philip. However, he only got to
sit on the record for 1 year. In the fall of 2011, he was
charged with Taiwanese aid fraud. After 5 ministers and 6
other members of his party went to the opposition, a vote of
no confidence was called in parliament. Philip, however,
chose to go inside. New Prime Minister became Gordon Darcy