Vanuatu. According to
Countryaah official website, Vanuatu's former prime minister, Anglican priest
Walter Lini, passed away in February. He was regarded as the
father of the nation and played an important role in the
country, then called the New Hebrides, the struggle for
independence from colonial rulers Britain and France. When
the goal was reached in 1980, he became the first prime
minister of the small kingdom.
Vanuatu authorities rejected a claim during the year from
the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD) that criminals from the Russian Federation used
Vanuatu banks to launder black money.
In February 1984, President Ati George Sokomanu resigned,
declaring that the Constitution did not adequately protect
the Head of State or his ministers. After the government
crisis, he still ran for the election a month later - and
Under Vanuatu's second development plan (1987-91), work
was done on balanced regional and agricultural development,
better utilization of the country's natural resources,
forced development of human resources and strengthening of
private business. The plan was badly affected by the cyclone
Uma, which in February 1987 caused $ 36 million in damage
and affected 34% of the population.
At the December 1987 election, Lini won over Barak Sope,
who had challenged him around the party's leadership. Barak
Sope accepted the post of Minister of Tourism and
Emigration, but in May 1988, Lini removed him from this
post, following violent demonstrations on his part. Sope
ended up opting out of the ruling party and forming his own
political group: Melanesia's Progressive Party (MPP).
In 1988, President Sokomau together with Barak Sope tried
in vain to overthrow Prime Minister Walter Lini. They were
both detained and sent to jail. Fred Timakata was elected
On August 7, 1991, the ruling party itself decided to
remove its chairman, Walter Lini, from the post of prime
minister. He was replaced by Donald Kalpokas, who had been
Foreign Minister until then. In October, Lini formed his own
party, the United National Party (UNP), but in the December
2 election, Maxime Carlot Korman's Union won the Moderate
In January 1992, Carlot formed a coalition with the UNP,
and Lini was represented in the government by his sister,
Hilda, who became Minister of Health. During the same
period, French was introduced as the official language. In
his economic policy, Finance Minister Willy Jimmy emphasized
exports, foreign investment, land reform and the
introduction of free primary school education.
In 1993, Prime Minister Carlot set a target to increase
diversity in agricultural production. Potatoes, tomatoes,
peppers and lettuce heads were planted to reduce the impact
of the cyclone Betsy, which had destroyed 30% of the harvest
the previous year. At the same time, the possibilities of
growing sugar cane, pumpkin and vanilla were investigated.
Crops that had never been planted in the country before. The
project was supported by parties Na-Griamel, Namaki Aute,
Unión Tan and Fren Melanesia, who represented the peasants
of the islands of Espíritu Santo and Malakula.
In 1994, the government decided to fire 200 of the 4,800
civil servants. The reasoning for the firing was the drastic
increase in the number of civil servants from 1985, when the
figure was 3,300.
Foreign policy, Vanuatu was the only country in the South
Pacific Forum that did not object to the French nuclear
tests in Polynesia.
In August, Vanuatus Mobile Force (VMF) - a paramilitary
corps - went on strike because it had not been paid its
salaries. Three months later, its officers were arrested by
police, but after swearing allegiance was released again.