Andorra. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Andorra. Andorra signed the Helsinki Declaration in the autumn, thereby joining the European Security and Cooperation Organization (OSCE). Andorra sent an ambassador to Sweden for the first time at the end of the year.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of AND which stands for Andorra and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
Small country of Europe, between Spain and France. It is essentially formed by the upper valley of the Riu Valira (Balira), which flows into the Segre, a tributary of the Ebro. It has a mountainous territory, consisting mainly of granite rocks in the northern part, and metamorphic rocks in the southern part, dominated by high peaks, such as the Tossa Plana (2907 m.), The Pic de Serrère (2911 m.), The Coma Pedrosa (2946 m.) And the Turo de Salorie (2488 m.); it covers an area of 452 sq. km., largely covered by forests. The whole country has a very harsh morphology, with steep-sided mountains and picturesque gorges. Cirques and glacial lakes, suspended valleys, mountain rocks, moraines, etc. there are still witnesses of the glaciation, which the region was subjected to in the Quaternary.
The climate is harsh and as the height increases very quickly it becomes increasingly rough, in fact, going up the Valira valley, after fields of rye already harvested, after just three hours of walking you can see fields where the rye is still green. At Andorra la Vella, the capital, located at 1000 meters above sea level, the wheat is harvested within the first ten days of July, while in Lo Serrat, at 1600 meters, it is not harvested before 20 August. There is no data on the distribution of the land from an agricultural point of view. Arable land occupies a very limited area. Rye and barley are grown in the valley floors and on the less steep slopes, up to 1850 m., The slopes in the sun are sought, while those in the shade are more rarely cultivated. A very important and characteristic agricultural product of Andorra is tobacco, grown up to considerable heights. Vegetables and potatoes are also produced. In Santa Julia, the lowest village in the republic (950 m.), There are some vineyards.
The greater part of the surface of Andorra is occupied by forests and pastures. The former are only partially exploited and consist mainly of pines. The pastures are excellent, and more extensive than what would be necessary for local needs: so that they are frequented, in the summer, by numerous flocks also from Spain and France: the small state draws several thousand pesetas every year. Pastoralism is, on the whole, the basis of the Andorran economy.
In Ransol, Porto Negre, Coma de Claro etc. there are important deposits of iron minerals (hematite, limonite). As for industries, there is nothing else remarkable than the manufacture of cigars and cigarettes. The communications consist of two carriage roads (Seo de Urgel, Andorra, Encamp, built by Spain, l’Hospitalet, Soldeu, built by France) and numerous mule tracks.
The residents, Catalans, jealous of their freedom, which they have been able to preserve for over 10 centuries, are in total 5200 (11 per sq. Km.), Distributed in six parishes. Andorra is a neutral and autonomous republic. The capital of the state is Andorra la Vella (ie “the old one”), a village of 1200 residents.