Hardly any other country has such a long and impressive history as Egypt. The North African country impresses with incredible treasures and relics. The pyramids of Giza, Aswan, the Nile, the Valley of the Kings, Luxor or the Red Sea are just a few good reasons to visit the land of the pharaohs. The ideal travel time is European spring and autumn.
When one thinks of Egypt, one inevitably thinks of monumental structures such as the pyramids of Giza, the Great Sphinx or the temple complexes of Karnak. The whole country is full of these world famous sights. Especially in contrast to some Asian countries, in which one Buddhist temple follows the next, the buildings in Egypt are always new and always different. There is a lot to discover and if you are visiting the country, you should bring some time with you. You need it because what you can see is spread across the entire country.
In addition to the cultural sights, Egypt offers an outstanding travel destination for divers and sun seekers. The Red Sea lies to the east and is considered to be one of the most beautiful diving areas in the world. Fish, corals and lower animals can be discovered here in perfect climatic conditions.
Best travel time
According to oxfordastronomy.com, the best time to travel to Egypt is from October to April , especially if you want to see Egypt’s ancient sights such as the Pyramids of Giza, the temples of Luxor and Abu Simbel. Although this is the main travel season when most holidaymakers come, the temperatures are much more pleasant for those who are not used to the heat.
The Egyptian summer is from May to October and the temperatures are often very high , especially in Upper Egypt (Luxor and the southern parts of the country). At this time, you can see the sights without the hustle and bustle or crowds of tourists. Because of the extreme heat, you can then find attractive offers. The Egyptian spring (February to April) is also a good time to travel. The weather is rather moderate at this time of year.
One should pay attention to the Egyptian holidays on the Mediterranean coast . When schools and universities close, cities and beaches on the Mediterranean get very loud and crowded quickly. Western tourists, especially women, then receive a lot of unwelcome attention. Therefore you should visit Alexandria, for example, in March / April or October / November if possible.
Culture and sights
Egypt is a former high culture with some of the most famous landmarks in the world. The Pyraminden of Giza and the Great Sphinx are located here. You are not in Cairo, but in Giza. Some of the pyramids can be seen for miles, e.g. from the Sultan Hassan Mosque above Cairo. Other really extremely worth seeing attractions in the country are the city of Aswan, the temples of Abu Simbel, Luxor, the Valley of the Kings, the Temple of Hatshepsut, the Karnak Temple, the Catherine’s Monastery on the Sinai Peninsula and a hike to Mount Sinai Sunrise. You can marvel at spectacular landscapes and oases in the white desert and look at mummies, sarcophagi and remains from the time of the pharaohs in the Egyptian museum.
In addition to the cultural sights, Egypt offers an outstanding resort for divers and sun seekers. The Red Sea lies to the east and is considered to be one of the most beautiful diving areas in the world.
Animals and plants
Due to the very dry climate, Egypt has few animals and plants. The plants are only found along the Nile and in oases, most of them are date palms. One of the most common animals in Egypt are camels and donkeys.
In most cases, you will travel to Egypt by plane. The largest airports are Cairo, Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh, Aswan and Luxor. A valid passport or identity card is sufficient for entry. A one-month visa for around 15 euros must be purchased at the airport. When entering with an identity card, a passport photo must be brought because a special immigration card is issued. Entry is also possible by land or sea, in these cases the visa must have been issued beforehand. Identification documents must be valid for six months after the trip.
Due to the very dry climate, Egypt has few animals and plants. The plants are only found along the Nile and in oases, most of them are date palms. One of the most common animals in Egypt are camels and donkeys. The Egyptians also affectionately call their donkeys “Egyptian Mercedes”.
Climate in Cairo
Egypt is largely a desert. Only the narrow strip along the Nile is fertile and offers the opportunity to grow plants. The summers are generally very hot and dry, the temperatures in winter are rather moderate.
The best time to travel to Egypt is from October to April , especially if you want to see Egypt’s ancient sights such as the Pyramids of Giza, the temples of Luxor and Abu Simbel. Although this is the main travel season when most holidaymakers come, the temperatures are much more pleasant for those who are not used to the heat. Since it almost never rains in most of the country, you don’t need rainwear. The only exception is the thin coastal strip on the Mediterranean around Alexandria. Here there can be heavy rain showers from time to time in the winter months. The rest of the country, however, is dry and warm.