In 1999, the population of Burkina Faso was estimated to be around 12 million people. The economy of Burkina Faso was largely based on agriculture and services. Its foreign relations were mainly with other African countries such as Mali, Togo, Niger, and Cote d’Ivoire. Politically, Burkina Faso in 1999 was a semi-presidential republic under President Blaise Compaoré. The Prime Minister was Kadré Désiré Ouedraogo and his party held a majority in Parliament. The country had a unicameral parliamentary system known as the National Assembly of Burkina Faso. See ethnicityology for Burkina Faso in the year of 2018.
Burkina Faso. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Burkina Faso. The assassination of independent newspaper editor Norbert Zongo at the end of 1998 led to several months of strikes and demonstrations around the country. The protests shook President Blaise Compaore’s regime, which was forced into a series of concessions. Zongo was investigating the death of former Army Sergeant David Ouedrago in January 1998, and there were reasons to believe that his investigations posed a threat to powerful government politicians and military, including the president’s brother. Behind the protests was also widespread dissatisfaction due to other abuses, widespread corruption and poverty.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of BFA which stands for Burkina Faso and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
A loosely cohesive group of democratic mass organizations and political parties was formed and posed, among other things. demands that other unexplained deaths be investigated and that those arrested in connection with the protests be released. Much of the anger was directed at the ruling party Congrés pour la demokratie et le progrés (CDP). There were also reports that some CDP politicians were arming militias in order to strike hard at the opposition. An independent commission set up to investigate Zongo’s death announced in May that “serious suspicions” were directed at six of the president’s security guards.
In a speech to the nation in May, Compaoré promised that the presidential guard would be reorganized. The following month he appointed a special council, which included three former presidents were included to investigate suspected political murders for which no one has been punished during the period from independence until today. When the Council presented its report in August, many of the suspicions raised by the regime critics were confirmed. The light was also directed at the lack of real democracy in the country. It also seemed that there was a possibility that the murder of President Thomas Sankara in 1987 would go to court.
The Council recommended a revision of the Constitution and the creation of a Truth Commission based on the South African model and the creation of a National Unity Government to restore order in the country. Large parts of the opposition were skeptical and demanded the resignation of the president. Compaoré promised reforms, and planned a government reform to make room for the opposition.
History. – Country with a per capita income among the lowest in the world, the Burkina Faso continued to be subject to the political monopoly of the Congrès pour la démocratie et le progrès (CDP) in power with its leader, Blaise Compaoré, from 1987 following a coup. Despite the cancellation of the international debt decreed in 2005, the government was unable to revive the economy which still remained predominantly subsistence. Extreme poverty fueled social malaise over the years and in 2011 the country was the scene of a wave of military mutinies and social protests against high prices, youth unemployment and the inadequacy of health services and the education system. In 2013, the approval of a law for the establishment of the Senate (composed of 89 seats, of which 29 are presidential nominated, 39 reserved for local communities and 21 intended for representatives of civil society) provoked the harsh reaction of the population and the opposition forces who contested the very expensive management costs and feared that the new Chamber could become a tool to facilitate the revision of the Constitution with regard to limits imposed on presidential terms (no more than two consecutive). Against this hypothesis of revision, which would have allowed Compaoré to reapply in 2015, and against the referendum proposed for its approval, a rift was created within the ruling party itself and in the course of 2014 numerous protests took place. whose intensity increased with the passing of the months. At the end of October Compaorè was forced to resign and leave the country. Power was assumed by Lieutenant Colonel Isaac Zida. The UN and the African Union deemed military intervention illegitimate and lobbied for a swift return to civilian power. An agreement was finally reached in November which provided for a return to the polls within a year.