Cameroon. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Cameroon. Three members of a separatist movement in the English-speaking part of the country were sentenced by a military court to life imprisonment. A further 35 defendants were sentenced to prison for between 1 and 20 years. The defendants were part of a group of about 70 people who were arrested following a series of blast attacks before the 1997 parliamentary elections, when ten people were killed. Amnesty International criticized the court for bias, claiming that several of the defendants had been tortured during interrogations and that some had also died in custody.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of CMR which stands for Cameroon and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
The government took bad care of the fact that Cameroon for the second year in a row was designated as the world’s most corrupt country by the institute Transparency International, which is based in Berlin. The Government considered that the institute had not taken into account the reform work that had been initiated and which, among other things, As a result, two senior officials in the government party have been arrested for suspicion of mutiny.
CAMEROON. – The name of the famous explorer Cameron (see above) has been applied to a territory of West Africa, located approximately between the 2nd and 13th N., and between the 9th and the 16th E. and constituting, before the World War, a German colony (about 493,000 sq. km.). The Council of the League of Nations, ratifying the Franco-English conventions of May 4, 1916 and July 10, 1919, placed most of Cameroon (400,000 sq km) under the mandate of France, and the rest (93,000 sq km) under the mandate of Great Britain.
Cameroon is made up of very different regions: Cameroon proper, facing the Gulf of Guinea, Adamaua facing the Benué, a part of Bornu, which sends the waters to Lake Chad and finally a part of the Congo basin.
The coastal area is flanked by floods that filled the ancient gulf, in the middle of which stood the Cameroon massif (v.). The interior of Cameroon consists mainly of corrugated archaic soils, of a varied nature, sometimes combined with clayey schists, on which horizontal red sandstones often cut into tabular reliefs rest. The altitudes often reach 2000 m., Especially in a series of large mountains generally made up of granite surmounted by igneous rocks, aligned along a large fault directed from the SW. NE., called the Cameroon fault. To the north of the Adamaua massif, it penetrates the lowlands of Chad, with their weak relief and uncertain slope, covered with leterite, sands and clays.
On the coast, the climate is equatorial, hot, humid, foggy all year round, with insignificant temperature variations. There is no real dry season. The months of greatest rainfall are those from June to September, and are characterized by torrential downpours; on the W NW slopes. of Mount Cameroon, an average of more than 10 m was recorded. of rain, one of the highest figures in the world. But this region, with so much rainfall, is of little extension; in Duala the annual rainfall is 3953 mm.; in Kribi, in southern Cameroon, it is 3176 mm. Inside, the seasons are much more defined; there are two rainy seasons separated by a short dry season, then, in the north, a single rainy season, which becomes shorter and shorter as we get closer to Chad. In correspondence with the rainfall, the vegetation passes from the virgin forest to the steppe, as one approaches Chad. The great forest of Cameroon stretches along the Atlantic over an area of 250-300 km. wide; in the S. it merges with the Congo forest which occupies the whole of central Africa. From 4 ° to 8 ° lat. there is a region of savannahs scattered with forest-galleries, then a scrub of mimosas.
The coastal rivers of Cameroon are important, but their economic value is greatly diminished by the cataracts that interrupt their course when they cross the edge of the plateau. The most important is the Sanaga, navigable up to Edea (80 km.). The Nyong has two navigable sections, one of which, the upper channel, is 250 km long. The Moungo, which ends up in the Bay of Cameroon, is navigable for 120 km. In the interior of Cameroon the waters flow both to Benué and to Logone, which ends up in Chad, and to Sanga, a tributary of the Congo.