The population of the Central African Republic in 1999 was approximately 3.5 million people, with the majority living in rural areas. The economy of the Central African Republic in 1999 was largely based on subsistence agriculture and mineral extraction, with cotton and timber being the two most important exports. Foreign relations of the Central African Republic during this time were largely focused on its neighbors, particularly its fellow members of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS). Politics during this period were dominated by a series of military coups, with President Ange-Félix Patassé coming to power in 1993 and remaining in office until 2003. The Patassé government was plagued by corruption and economic mismanagement, leading to civil unrest and violence throughout much of his tenure. See ethnicityology for Central African Republic in the year of 2018.
Central African Republic. At the beginning of the year, the opposition boycotted the work of the new parliament, which was elected in December 1998, in protest of a member of the opposition switching sides, which gave the government parties an overweight with a single mandate. Former Finance and Budget Minister Anicet Georges Dologuélé was appointed prime minister, but had difficulty with the formation of the government because the unexpected majority shift caused unrest even within their own ranks. The unifying government formed in 1997 after civil disputes was replaced by a government dominated by President Ange-Félix Patassé’s party The Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People (MLPC).
In September, presidential elections were held. The election was postponed twice due to organizational problems, and the election campaign was disturbed by some violence. However, the election itself was conducted without hindrance, but the result – 51.63% of the votes of President Patassé in the first round – aroused protests from the nine losers, who demanded that the election be annulled. Foreign observers saw no obvious signs of cheating, and the Constitutional Court determined the result. Prime Minister Dologuélé gained renewed confidence and in November formed a new government dominated by MLPC.
Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Central African Republic. The UN peacekeeping force MINURCA, which since March 1998 supervised the 1997 peace agreement, will be engaged in “peace-building” operations until its liquidation on February 15, 2000.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of CAF which stands for Central African Republic and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
Area: 622,984 km2 (world rank: 42)
Population density: 7 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 124)
Official languages: Sango, French
Gross domestic product: 1.9 billion US $; Real growth: 4.3%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): US $ 390
Currency: CFA franc
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Head of State: Faustin- Archange Touadéra, Head of Government: Simplice Sarandji, Exterior: Charles-Armel Doubane
National Day: 1.12. (Day of the Republic)
16 prefectures and capital with special status Form of
State and government
Constitution of 2016
Parliament: National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 141 members, election every 5 years; Senate (Sénat), election every 5 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (one-time re-election) Right to
vote from 18 years
Population: Central Africans, last census 2003: 3,895,139 residents, mainly
Ubangi groups: 34% Banda, 27% Gbaya 11% Ngbandi, 10% Azande, Yakoma et al .; Bantu; French
Cities (with population): (2013) Bangui 747,109 inh., Bimbo 267,859, Berbérati 108,620, Carnot 55,483, Bria 44,185, Nola 43,020, Bambari 41,334, Bouar 38,921
Religions: 51% Protestants, 29% Catholics, 10% Muslims; indigenous religions (as of 2006)
Languages: Sango (Ngbandi-based Creole), French; Languages of the ethnic groups
Employed by economic sector: Agriculture. 6%, industry 8%, business. 86% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): no information
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.8%
Foreign trade: Import: 351 million US$ (2017); Export: US $ 124 million (2017)
After three tumultuous decades of misrule – mostly by military bodies -, a civilian government was finally established in 1993, but it only lasted for a decade. In March 2003, the government of Ange-Félix Patassé was in fact overthrown by the coup d’état led by General François Bozizé, with the support of Chadian President Idriss Déby Itno. The transitional government led by Bozizé was initially backed by France and condemned by the African Union and the United Nations. The two international organizations have recognized the leadership of the Central African Republic only in 2005, when Bozizé held and won the presidential and legislative elections with the Convergence Nationale ‘Kwa Na Kwa’ party. Bozizé has repeatedly been able to count on French support: in 2006 Paris intervened in the internal conflict against the rebel forces stationed in the north-east, offering logistical support to the Central African army. The French government was also the main promoter of the E ufor Chad- Car operation, launched in 2008 and then replaced by the United Nations peacekeeping mission M inurcat, aimed at promoting peace in the border region between Chad and Central African Republic, to allow humanitarian relief to the thousands of Sudanese displaced people who escaped the war in Darfur and to protect civilians from possible retaliation by the Sudanese army. With the launch of bilateral agreements between Sudan and neighboring countries, the United Nations decided to withdraw the troops and end the mission (31 December 2010); however, the situation between Khartoum and Bangui remained tense and became more complicated with the proclamation of independence and the civil war in South Sudan. The intervention of the Minurcat and the reconciliation with the opposition of the Front Démocratique du Peuple Centrafricain (Fdpc) allowed a consolidation of Bozizé’s power and the formation in January 2009 of a government of national unity.