Clayton, New Mexico Weather by Month

Clayton, New Mexico, is a small town located in Union County, in the northeastern corner of the state. It lies within the United States and is part of the Western region, characterized by its vast open spaces, ranching heritage, and unique high plains geography. Clayton is situated near the borders of Texas and Oklahoma, providing a strategic location for cross-state travel and commerce.

Geographically, Clayton is positioned on the Great Plains, at an elevation of approximately 5,050 feet. The landscape is dominated by expansive prairies, rolling hills, and striking rock formations. The town is also known for its proximity to the Capulin Volcano National Monument, an extinct volcanic cone that offers scenic views and hiking opportunities.

As of the latest census, Clayton has a population of around 2,800 residents. The town covers an area of about 4.7 square miles, providing a small-town atmosphere with a rich sense of community. Clayton serves as a regional hub for agriculture, particularly cattle ranching, which is a significant part of the local economy.

Clayton does not host major universities within its borders, but it is within driving distance of educational institutions such as Eastern New Mexico University. The town is known for its historic landmarks, including the Herzstein Memorial Museum, which showcases the history of Clayton and Union County, and the Eklund Hotel, a historic building dating back to the early 20th century that now operates as a hotel and restaurant.

Other notable landmarks include Clayton Lake State Park, renowned for its dinosaur trackways and outdoor recreational opportunities, and Black Jack Ketchum’s grave, a famous outlaw from the Old West, buried in the local cemetery.

Climate and Weather Overview

Clayton, New Mexico, experiences a semi-arid climate, characterized by hot summers, cold winters, and relatively low humidity. The town’s weather is influenced by its high elevation and location on the Great Plains, leading to significant temperature variations and a generally dry climate.

Table of Average Monthly Weather Data

Month Average High (°F) Average Low (°F) Average Precipitation (inches) Average Sunny Days
January 49 20 0.4 23
February 54 24 0.5 23
March 61 30 0.7 25
April 69 38 0.9 27
May 77 47 1.4 29
June 87 56 2.1 30
July 89 61 2.4 30
August 87 59 2.4 29
September 81 52 1.6 28
October 70 41 1.1 27
November 58 29 0.6 25
December 49 21 0.5 23

Weather by Month


January in Clayton is typically cold, with average high temperatures around 49°F and lows dropping to 20°F. Precipitation is relatively low at 0.4 inches, often in the form of snow. The town experiences around 23 sunny days, making it possible to enjoy winter outdoor activities such as hiking and visiting local landmarks. Indoor activities like exploring the Herzstein Memorial Museum are popular during this cold month.


February remains cold, with average high temperatures of 54°F and lows of 24°F. Snow and occasional rain are common, with an average precipitation of 0.5 inches. Sunny days are abundant, providing ample opportunities for outdoor exploration. Residents and visitors often engage in winter sports and indoor cultural activities. The clear skies and crisp air make it a great time for stargazing and photography.


March marks the beginning of spring, with average high temperatures rising to 61°F and lows increasing to 30°F. Precipitation levels rise to about 0.7 inches, with a mix of rain and occasional snow. The increasing daylight and warming temperatures make it a good time for early spring activities like hiking and birdwatching. Local parks and trails start to see more visitors as the snow begins to melt, and the landscape starts to green up.


April brings more significant signs of spring, with average high temperatures reaching 69°F and lows around 38°F. Rainfall increases to 0.9 inches, and the number of sunny days also rises. This is a month of rapid change in the landscape, with budding trees and blooming wildflowers. Gardening and outdoor projects become popular activities, and local farmers begin preparing their fields for planting. The Capulin Volcano National Monument becomes a hotspot for visitors eager to experience the awakening of nature.


May sees a substantial warming trend, with average high temperatures of 77°F and lows of 47°F. Rainfall remains relatively high at 1.4 inches, promoting lush growth. The pleasant weather makes it ideal for outdoor activities such as picnicking, biking, and attending local festivals and events. Farmers markets begin to open, offering fresh, locally grown produce. The town hosts various outdoor concerts and community gatherings, making it a vibrant month for social activities.


June is the start of summer, with average high temperatures reaching 87°F and lows around 56°F. Precipitation levels are at 2.1 inches, and the number of sunny days increases. This is a popular month for outdoor activities like swimming, boating, and fishing in nearby lakes and rivers. Community events, such as outdoor concerts and fairs, provide ample opportunities to enjoy the warm weather. The town’s parks are bustling with activity, and local trails are popular for hiking and biking.


July is the warmest month in Clayton, with average high temperatures of 89°F and lows of 61°F. Rainfall is at 2.4 inches, often due to afternoon thunderstorms. The warm and humid conditions are perfect for summer sports, barbecues, and spending time at local lakes and rivers. Independence Day celebrations are a highlight, with fireworks and parades bringing the community together. Outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and visiting local attractions are popular as residents and visitors enjoy the height of summer.


August remains warm, with average high temperatures of 87°F and lows of 59°F. Rainfall is slightly lower at 2.4 inches, typically from thunderstorms. The consistent warmth and long days make it a perfect time for outdoor activities like hiking, camping, and enjoying local parks. As the end of summer approaches, many families take vacations and participate in back-to-school events. The town’s parks and recreational areas remain busy, and local farmers markets continue to thrive.


September sees the beginning of fall, with average high temperatures dropping to 81°F and lows to 52°F. Rainfall is at 1.6 inches, and the number of sunny days decreases slightly. The cooler temperatures and changing foliage make it an excellent time for outdoor activities such as hiking, visiting pumpkin patches, and enjoying fall festivals. Hiking and biking trails are popular as the landscape transforms with vibrant autumn colors. The Clayton Fall Festival is a highlight of the month.


October brings cooler temperatures, with average highs of 70°F and lows of 41°F. Rainfall decreases to 1.1 inches. The fall foliage reaches its peak, providing stunning scenery for outdoor activities. Halloween events, corn mazes, and hayrides are popular pastimes. The crisp weather is perfect for hiking and enjoying the natural beauty of the region. Local farms and orchards host seasonal events, drawing both residents and visitors.


November marks the transition to winter, with average high temperatures of 58°F and lows of 29°F. Rainfall is at 0.6 inches, and the number of sunny days decreases. The weather becomes more unpredictable, with a mix of rain and the first snowfall of the season. Residents begin preparing for winter, with activities shifting to indoor hobbies and holiday preparations. The town’s holiday season kicks off with various events and markets, creating a festive atmosphere.


December brings cold temperatures, with average highs of 49°F and lows of 21°F. Snowfall increases, and the town often experiences several significant snow events. Holiday celebrations and events dominate the month, with residents participating in tree lighting ceremonies, holiday markets, and festive gatherings. Winter sports and indoor activities become the focus as the community settles in for the winter season. The Herzstein Memorial Museum and other local attractions offer warm, indoor experiences for visitors.

Natural Disasters

Clayton, New Mexico, can experience various natural disasters. The most common are severe thunderstorms and occasional flooding, particularly in the spring and summer. Tornadoes, while less frequent, can occur during the warmer months, particularly in late spring and early summer. It is important for residents to stay informed and prepared for these events, with local authorities providing guidance and emergency services.

Recommended Activities

Each month in Clayton offers unique opportunities for both indoor and outdoor activities. Winter months are ideal for winter sports and cozy indoor hobbies, while spring and fall provide excellent conditions for hiking, gardening, and enjoying the changing seasons. Summer is perfect for water activities, community events, and outdoor recreation. No matter the time of year, Clayton’s residents and visitors can find ways to connect with nature and each other, enjoying the rich seasonal diversity that the town offers.

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