Comoros 1999

Yearbook 1999

Comoros. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Comoros. The mandate for Tadjidine ben Said Massounde, who was appointed interim president at the end of 1998, was extended at the end of January pending the resolution of the Anjouan outbreak island. A new government with the reform-oriented Abbas Djoussouf as prime minister was appointed. The African unity organization OAU continued its mediation efforts between the federal government and the separatists. An agreement on increased self-government for Anjouan and Mohéli was concluded in Madagascar’s capital Antananarivo April 25. But Anjouan refused to sign the agreement before the islanders were consulted. This led to violent riots on the main island of Grand Comore, and up to a thousand people with roots in Anjouan were forced to flee. Five days later, the military took power in a bloodless coup. In early May, dome leader Colonel Azali Assoumani formed a new government with himself as president, prime minister and defense minister. Moreover, the government was dominated by civilians. Assoumani promised referendums in the three islands on the Antananarivo agreement and free elections to be held in the spring of 2000. However, many argued that it would be difficult to achieve a more stable political situation, especially as the divide was strong in both the military and traditional political parties. and the separatists at Anjouan.

Map of Comoros Moroni in English

In late autumn, Colonel Assoumani dissolved the council that ruled after the coup, and in early December he formed a new government with representatives of several political parties. Bianrifi Tarmidi, a former separatist leader from Anjouan, was appointed new Prime Minister.

On the breakaway island, Abderemane Said Abeid, a retired officer from the French army, increasingly appeared as the strong man of the separatists. His attempt to consolidate his position through the election to a local parliament, however, failed, as most Anjouan residents abstained. An unsuccessful coup attempt was carried out in early September. It was unclear who was behind this, but former Prime Minister Abbas Djoussouf was arrested.

French mercenaries Bob Denard and Dominique Malacrino, charged with the assassination of President Ahmed Abdallah, were acquitted in May by a Paris court.

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