Comoros 1999

In 1999, the population of Comoros was approximately 690,000 people. The economy of Comoros was heavily reliant on foreign aid and remittances from citizens living abroad. Foreign relations were mostly positive; Comoros had strong ties with its African neighbors as well as with countries such as France and the United States. Politically, Comoros was a unitary semi-presidential republic led by President Azali Assoumani. The government was divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The president held executive power while the Assembly of the Union held legislative power and the Supreme Court held judicial power. See ethnicityology for Comoros in the year of 2018.

Yearbook 1999

Comoros 1999

Comoros. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Comoros. The mandate for Tadjidine ben Said Massounde, who was appointed interim president at the end of 1998, was extended at the end of January pending the resolution of the Anjouan outbreak island. A new government with the reform-oriented Abbas Djoussouf as prime minister was appointed. The African unity organization OAU continued its mediation efforts between the federal government and the separatists. An agreement on increased self-government for Anjouan and Mohéli was concluded in Madagascar’s capital Antananarivo April 25. But Anjouan refused to sign the agreement before the islanders were consulted. This led to violent riots on the main island of Grand Comore, and up to a thousand people with roots in Anjouan were forced to flee. Five days later, the military took power in a bloodless coup. In early May, dome leader Colonel Azali Assoumani formed a new government with himself as president, prime minister and defense minister. Moreover, the government was dominated by civilians. Assoumani promised referendums in the three islands on the Antananarivo agreement and free elections to be held in the spring of 2000. However, many argued that it would be difficult to achieve a more stable political situation, especially as the divide was strong in both the military and traditional political parties. and the separatists at Anjouan.

  • Also see to see the acronym of COM which stands for Comoros and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.

Map of Comoros Moroni in English

In late autumn, Colonel Assoumani dissolved the council that ruled after the coup, and in early December he formed a new government with representatives of several political parties. Bianrifi Tarmidi, a former separatist leader from Anjouan, was appointed new Prime Minister.

On the breakaway island, Abderemane Said Abeid, a retired officer from the French army, increasingly appeared as the strong man of the separatists. His attempt to consolidate his position through the election to a local parliament, however, failed, as most Anjouan residents abstained. An unsuccessful coup attempt was carried out in early September. It was unclear who was behind this, but former Prime Minister Abbas Djoussouf was arrested.

French mercenaries Bob Denard and Dominique Malacrino, charged with the assassination of President Ahmed Abdallah, were acquitted in May by a Paris court.

COMOROS. – They currently constitute an overseas territory of the French Republic with administrative and financial autonomy and with representation in the National Assembly, the Senate and the Council of the French Community. The population has increased considerably and in 1958 counted 175,000 residents, of which almost 90,000 in the Grande Comore, over 61,000 on the island of Anjouan and almost 20,000 in that of Mayotte. The capital Dzaoudzi, with 2400 residents, Is on the islet of Pamanzi. Crops cover over 100,000 ha (47%) of the surface, plus 34,000 of forests (15%); important for export today are vanilla, sisal and some perfume plants. Almost 100,000 goats and sheep and 17,000 cattle are added to the agricultural economy. Fishing is always remarkable (almost 150 t in 1951).

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