In 1999, the population of Costa Rica was approximately 4 million people. The economy of Costa Rica had been growing steadily for years and in 1999, it had one of the highest GDPs in Latin America. Foreign relations were mostly positive; Costa Rica had strong ties with its Latin American neighbors as well as with countries such as the United States and Canada. Politically, Costa Rica was a unitary presidential constitutional republic led by President Miguel Angel Rodriguez. The government was divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The president held executive power while the Legislative Assembly held legislative power and the Supreme Court held judicial power. See ethnicityology for Costa Rica in the year of 2018.
Costa Rica. On February 10, the amnesty period aimed at regulating the country’s many illegal immigrants expired. Most of them, at least half a million, are Nicaraguan, and amnesty is said to have covered at least 160,000 of them. Prior to the end of the amnesty period, new immigrants poured in over the difficult-to-monitor boundary, leading to total entry stops for Nicaraguan people. The fact that Costa Rica attracts immigrants from other Central American countries is partly because Costa Rica, unlike Nicaragua and Honduras, escapes the fateful hurricane Mitch in 1997, but mainly because Costa Rica is a brilliant economic exception in the region. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Costa Rica. The country had Latin America’s second highest growth rate in 1998, and inflation, unemployment and poverty are declining while real wages and investments are increasing.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of CRI which stands for Costa Rica and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
In 2012, Costa Rica became the first country on the American continent to ban regular hunting. An initiative that was popular in the population.
Costa Rica, on December 1, 2013, marked the 65th anniversary of the abolition of the country’s military. Costa Rica sees itself as the spearhead of a world without military. In 1990, neighboring Panama disbanded its military. In 1995, Haiti disbanded its military. Likewise, Monaco, the Vatican and Iceland have no military.
Luis Guillermo Solís from center-left party Partido Acción Ciudadana (PAC) won the presidential election in February/April 2014. Solís gained 30.6% in the first round of elections, while his counterpart Johnny Araya Monge of PLN got 29.7%. On the way to the second round of the election campaign, Monge admitted surprisingly beaten as he dropped behind in the polls. He therefore canceled his election campaign and Solís was elected with 77.8% of the vote against Monges 22.2%. Solís and the PAC were elected on statements to fight corruption in the country. In the parliamentary elections, however, it was still PLN that got the most seats with 18 out of 57, although the party lost 6 seats. The big winners of the election were the PAC who got 13 (a rise of 2) and the other center-left coalition Frente Amplio who got 9 (a rise of 8).
At the inauguration of Luis Guillermo Solís as president in May 2014, delegations from 80 countries, including Evo Morales from Bolivia and Rafael Correa from Ecuador participated. This reflected Solís’ greater social commitment. He declared himself an opponent of neoliberalism, which according to. he had merely deepened the class divisions in Costa Rica when the large corporations and the wealthiest had avoided paying taxes. He again launched environmental projects that had been halted by several and declared his support for the country’s LGTB community.
History. – The mandate of M. Echandi (1958-1962) made us regret the brilliant period of J. Figueres. Parliament systematically disapproved of his attempts to increase private initiative and reduce state intervention in business and public works; the economy suffered a setback aggravated by the collapse of the prices of coffee and bananas in the international market. It was therefore not difficult for the party of Figueres to return to victory in the elections of February 1962 with the candidacy of F. Orlich, who defeated the former president RA Calderón, supported by a left-wing coalition. Orlich (1962-1966) fully resumed Figueres’ program, devoting even greater attention to social problems. In those years, the catastrophic eruptions of the Irazú volcano took place, which in 1963, 1964 and 1965, caused a high number of deaths, as well as extensive damage to agriculture and livestock. The problem of the distribution of uncultivated lands, less acute in Costa Rica than in other Latin American countries, was addressed in 1962 by the Instituto de Tierras y Colonización (ITCO) , which until 1968 expropriated about 70,000 hectares of land benefiting 3,784 families.
The elections of February 1966 recorded the defeat of the party of Figueres (PLN); the victory, with a small number of votes, went to the conservative JJ Trejos, whose supporters accused his opponents, during the electoral campaign, of pro-communism and Castroism. Trejos, unable to count on a parliamentary majority held by the PLN, ruled amidst many difficulties. However, the new government did not stray far from the policy of the previous government. In February 1970 J. Figueres returned to the presidency (victorious against M. Echandi of the “National Unification” party), to demonstrate once again the democratic practice of the Costa Rica, entrusted to a series of peaceful elections in full respect of constitutional legality. His mandate turned out to be less brilliant than that of 1953 and his party, clearly progressive in orientation, this time he seemed to lack momentum. The establishment of diplomatic relations with the USSR and with the countries of Eastern Europe caused a sensation. However, Figueres remained substantially linked to Washington and, although accused of pro-Communism, he was able to demonstrate that his opening towards the countries of the Soviet bloc served to create new outlets and new markets for national products.
The elections of February 3, 1974 saw the victory of D. Oduber, the second leader of the party of Figueres. The confirmation of the power of the PNL represented a break in the electoral habits of the Costa Rica, which began to lose those characteristics of democratic rotation that distinguished it from the other republics of Central America. Eighteen-year-olds took part in the aforementioned elections for the first time. A violent student demonstration against the USA took place in April following the award of a contract to a US company for the exploitation of bauxite.