Egypt Demography and Culture

Demography

Ethnography

Most Egyptians are descended from the indigenous premusulman population (the ancient Egyptians) and from the Arabs, who conquered the area in the 7th century and there are also descendants of other conquering peoples (Greeks, Romans, Turks), especially in Lower Egypt. The mixture has produced a series of physical characteristics in the residents of the Nile Valley that are different from those of other peoples in the Mediterranean region. The Nubians, an indigenous people, are an important minority group in the country; They lived for thousands of years in southern Egypt and northern Sudan in towns located along the Nile. However, the construction of Lake Nasser caused the flooding of many of their settlements. 42% of the population lives in urban areas. Some nomadic and semi-nomadic herders, mostly Bedouin, live in desert regions.

Egyptian Observations Group 77 million residents. Main component of the population (98%), who speak the Egyptian Arabic dialect. 1.3 million Bedouin residents speak Badawi (Bedouin Arabic). Gypsy 1,270,000 residents, 2%, who speak Arabic in their Nawar and Helebi dialects. Nubian 1,240,000 residents, 2%, who speak Dongola. Beja 177,000 Bisharin-speaking residents. Berber 5,800 residents, speak Siwi and are located in Siwa. Turkish.

Population

According to Oxfordastronomy.com, Egypt had a population (according to estimates for 2008) of 81,713,517 residents. Almost 99% of the population lives in the Nile Valley, which constitutes less than 4% of the total area of the country; the average population density in this area is 1,683 residents per square kilometer and 82 residents per square kilometer throughout the country. The population has grown very fast; in 2008 the annual growth rate was estimated at 1.68%. Life expectancy at birth, in the same period, was 69.3 years for men and 74.5 for women.

Egypt is administratively divided into 26 governorates. The capital and largest city is Cairo, which had a population (in 2003) of 7,500,000.

Other important cities are Alexandria, the main port (3,750,000 residents in 2007); Gizeh, an industrial center near Cairo (2,570,000 residents in 2007); Port Said, at the Mediterranean entrance to the Suez Canal (469,000 residents in 1998); and Suez, in the southern part of the canal (417,000 residents in 1998).

Culture

Egyptian art, a collection of buildings, paintings, sculptures and applied arts of ancient Egypt, from prehistory to the Roman conquest in 30 BC The history of Egypt was the longest of all the ancient civilizations that flourished around the Mediterranean, extending almost without interruption from approximately 3000 BC to the 4th century AD The nature of the country, developed around the Nile, which bathes and fertilizes it, together with the almost total isolation from external cultural influences, produced an artistic style that hardly changed throughout of its more than 3,000 years of history. All the artistic manifestations were destined, basically, to the service of the State, the religion and the Pharaoh, considered as a god on Earth.

Sports

Soccer

· Al Ahly SC [2], 1907· Zamalek SC [3], 1911

· The Ittihad Alexandria [4], 1914

· Al-Masry SC [5], 1920

· Ismaily SC [6], 1924

· Misr El-Makasa SC, 1937

· Smouha Sporting Club [7], 1949

· Haras El-Hodood SC [8], 1950

· Al Nasr FC [9], 1958

· ENPPI Club [10], 1980· Ittihad El-Shorta, 1980

· Petrojet FC, 1980

· El Gouna FC [11], 2003

· El Dakhleya SC, 2005

· Ala’ab Damanhour

· Alassiouty Sport

· The Raja Marsa Matruh

· Tala’ea El-Gaish SC

On February 1, 2012, 74 people were killed and 254 injured in clashes at the Port Said stadium between supporters of the local club and Al Ahly [2] 
On January 8, 2015, 30 killed and 30 injured in Cairo in the clashes between Zamalek fans and Police officers [3]

Music

Music in Egypt is a rich mix of indigenous Egyptian, Arab, African, and Western influences. As early as 4000 BC, the ancient Egyptians were playing with harps and flutes, as well as instruments: the Ney and the oud.

However, there is little notation of Egyptian music before the 7th century.

In Egyptian music, percussion and vocal music became important at the time, and it has continued to be an important part of Egyptian music today.

The music of Egypt, especially contemporary music, traces its beginnings to the creative work of such luminaries as Abdu-l Hamuli, Almaz and Mahmud Osman and other giants of Egyptian music. In the last quarter of the 20th century, music in Egypt was a way of communicating social and class issues.

The Mamba is very popular in Egypt and is especially found in the country’s capital, Cairo.

Contemporary Egyptian music has its beginnings in the creative work of people such as Abdu-l Hamuli, Almaz and Mahmud Osman, who influenced the later work of Egyptian music giants such as Sayed Darwish, Umm Kulthum, Mohammed Abdel Wahab and Abdel Halim Hafez.

From the 1970s onwards, the music of Egypt has become the most important and popular music in Egyptian culture, while the popular or folk music of Egypt continues to be used during weddings and other festivals.

Egypt Culture

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