Gibraltar Overview


Integrated into the Crown of Castile from the second half of the 15th century, it was occupied in 1704 by the Anglo-Dutch squad in support of the pretender Carlos “III” of Spain during the War of the Spanish Succession, at the end of which it was ceded to the crown. British in 1713. The residents who did not want to be British, moved and created the “City of Gibraltar in San Roque ” (with the same flag and shield).

Since the 1950s, the political future of Gibraltar has been the subject of controversy in Spanish-British relations. It is one of the sixteen members of the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories of the United Nations under the supervision of its Committee on Decolonization. Its sovereignty is claimed by Spain.

National symbols

Gibraltar Arms

The weapons consist of a castle with three towers with a golden key in the center that were awarded to “the most loyal city of Gibraltar” by the Catholic Monarchs in 1502. The original parchment award is in the archives of the Municipality of San Roque.

The words that are normally found under the arms are “Montis Insignia Calpe”, which means “Insignia of the Rock of Gibraltar” and these words also appear in the colors of the Suffolk regiment. This regiment obtained permission to have the arms of Gibraltar inscribed in their colors in recognition of the gallant part they played at the siege of Gibraltar. The words “Nulli Expugnabilis Hosti” mean “Conquered by no enemy”. They also occasionally appear under the arms of Gibraltar, having been copied from the official seal of the Colony, which consists of an image of the Rock with these words underneath.

Gibraltar flag

According to, the Gibraltar flag is an elongated flag of the arms, awarded by the Royal Order of Queen Isabella of Castile on July 10, 1502.


The shield in which the upper two thirds will be a white field and in the field of said set a red castle, and below said castle, in the other third of the shield a red field in which there must be a white line between the castle and the aforementioned red field, there will be a gold key that hangs from a chain of said castle.


The main cultural events in Gibraltar are organized by the Ministry of Culture, although there are also countless other events such as concerts, plays, exhibitions, etc., which are organized by musicians, artists, dancers, as individuals or as groups.

The main objectives of the Ministry are:

  • Work with individuals and groups involved in the arts and other cultural activities.
  • Expand public participation in the arts.
  • Sustain and promote the best possible standards of artistic practice.
  • Help artists and organizations to achieve the viability of the organization.
  • Maximize investment in the arts.
  • Build partnerships with the business sector and others to expand strategic support for the arts.
  • Build working relationships with other authorities abroad to expand the scope of artistic and cultural activities in Gibraltar.


The climate of Gibraltar is considerably modified by the local topography and the proximity of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean.

Gibraltar’s weather is governed by the “east and west wind”, the local winds that blow across the Strait to the east or west. In summer, it is mainly dry, the wind from the east or east, brings warm and humid conditions and generates a fairly persistent cloud ‘Top Rock’ that hangs over the area of the city. Fog is common on these occasions. The wind from the Poniente or the west, however, brings a warm, clear and mostly dry climate.

Due to its location, on the edge of Europe, close to Africa and guardian of the strait, which joins the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Gibraltar is a place of meteorological extremes.

  • Summer in Gibraltar

The summer is dry and warm, with an average of 10.5 hours of sunshine a day. Summer drought often lasts 90 consecutive days. The average temperature in August is 24.3 ° C.

  • Winter in Gibraltar

The winter in Gibraltar can be a mixture of good weather, humid and cold. On average, only 30% of the days are classified as “wet”, although the amounts of rain can be extremely variable. The average temperature in January is 13.5 ° C.


Gibraltar currently ranks as the most prosperous and stable British territory.

The 20 as March as 1969, the famous Beatle John Lennon married Yoko Ono in this territory. In The Beatles song, The Ballad Of John And Yoko, what happened in Gibraltar is mentioned.

Gibraltar Overview

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