The Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the largest state in Europe that is located on islands. The maritime borders of Great Britain are the Atlantic ocean in the north and west, the North Sea in the east and in the south the Dover Strait and the Canal. The main island of the state is Great Britain. There are around 1,000 small islands in front of it. To the United Kingdom also includes Northern Ireland, the north of the island of Ireland. Here is also the only land border to the republic of Ireland.
Whether for round trips, city trips or language trips, Great Britain is absolutely worth seeing and has something to offer for every visitor. The metropolis of London impresses with its cosmopolitan flair, the many sights and is also a popular destination for language trips in England. Fantastically beautiful surroundings and many hiking trails make it possible to explore the country on foot. Travel to the coastal regions of southern England is particularly recommended. The Scottish Highlands offer a pristine landscape and endless expanses. Dreamy fishing villages, secluded idyllic beaches and well-kept traditions make the British Isles vacation unique.
Great Britain is also popular among holidaymakers because it is relatively easy to get to. A flight to England or, more specifically, a flight to London is often quite cheap.
The Kingdom of Great Britain has only existed in its present form since May 1, 1707, when England and Scotland merged. This new status made it necessary to set up a common parliament. The government in the City of Westminster has ruled the entire United Kingdom since that time.
In 1707 the Scottish monarchy was replaced by the British. Henceforth both former separate monarchies were represented by a single one. The English parliament was henceforth decisive for the whole of Great Britain, the Scottish parliament was dissolved. A Scottish parliament with limited decision-making power did not meet again until 1999.
Great Britain Landmarks
UK is a popular country as it offers tourists a large number of different sights and attractions.
St. Paul’s Cathedral in London should not be missed. The cathedral is that Landmark of the city. Even before it was built, three different churches stood in the same place. The first construction took place in the year 604. But this cathedral was destroyed by fire in 1087. A new building was planned, but the completion of the new cathedral took until the fourteenth century. The second cathedral was destroyed by a lightning strike, leaving only charred walls.
In 1628, the first architect, Inigo Jones, was commissioned to rebuild it by Charles II. Inigo Jones was able to get through the English Civil War failed to complete its mission. The next architect was Christopher Wren, who was commissioned to rebuild St. Paul’s Cathedrale from 1666. Construction took more than thirty-five years to complete. Inside the cathedral you should definitely see the dome room and the high altar, as well as the choir with its impressive ceiling paintings. The largest crypt in the world can also be visited in St. Paul’s Cathedral.
The Tempel Church in London is something special. It was built near the Thames in the twelfth century as the headquarters of the Knights Templar. So over the years, important meetings have taken place here, such as B. the signing of the Magna Charte takes place. After the Knights Templar were persecuted, the church passed into royal possession in the fourteenth century. After that, law schools were housed in her.
The Tempel Church was badly damaged in the Second World War, but was later restored.
The absolute highlight of the sacred buildings in England is Westminster Abbey in London. All British kings were crowned and buried here, so the church is non-denominational. Today’s Westminster Abbey was built by Henry III. The two main towers were later added in 1722 and 1745 by the architect Wren.
England has a long list of interesting old religious buildings to offer, such as Canterbury Cathedral, Salisbury Cathedral, the monasteries in the north of England, etc.
The Thames bridges in London are something special. There are fifteen of them in the metropolitan area alone. The most beautiful come from the Victorian era of the city, some bridges are still quite young.
The highlight of the bridges is probably the Tower Bridge. It connects the City of London with the borough of Southwark in south London. The London Bridge corresponds to the architectural style of a neo-Gothic folding bridge. It was built between 1886 and 1894. The 244-meter-long bridge is a symbol of London. Another must-see bridge in London is the London Bridge. It is over two thousand years old.
Hadrian’s Wall in Northumbria National Park is absolutely impressive. The wall has a length of more than 117 kilometers. It was built by the Romans in 120 to protect the country from the northern English tribe of the Picts. Furthermore, Hadrian’s Wall served to fortify the northern border of the Roman Empire. The wall got its name from the then commander of England, Emperor Hadrian.
Other interesting places of interest in England are the Ironbrige Gorge, the Belmont, the Stockport Viaduct, etc.
There are also museums of all kinds throughout England, such as the Tate Gallery Liverpool, the Whitworth Gallery, the Angel of the North, etc.
There is a lot to see in England, from historical monuments or buildings, sacred buildings, technical buildings to various natural beauties.
…. Just listing them all would fill a book.