Guinea-Bissau 1999

Yearbook 1999

Guinea Bissau. New battles broke out at the beginning of the year, but the parties continued to fulfill the peace agreement of November last year. In March, the Senegalese and Guinean troops left the country and were replaced by a 600-man force from the West African cooperation organization ECOWAS.

In April, a parliamentary committee released former commander Ansumane Mané from all involvement in arms smuggling to separatists in Senegal. It also stated that the culprits were some forty of President João Bernardo Vieira’s supporters and that he had been aware of their involvement.

In early May, Bissau was again shaken by fierce fighting, which was caused by the government’s refusal to disband the 600-strong presidential guard, which the parties agreed to in the peace agreement. President Vieira was toppled in a coup on May 7. After fierce fighting in the capital, a military junta led by former commander Ansumane Mané took power. The Rebels had control over most of the country before. The week after the coup, in accordance with the constitution, the former Speaker of Parliament Malan Bacai Sanha was appointed new President.

The deposed president, who sought protection at the Portuguese embassy in Bissau, was allowed to leave the country in early June and was later granted political asylum in Portugal. Several people who were close to Vieira, including former Prime Minister Carlos Correia, was arrested in late July. Before that, the West African Peace Force had left the country.

Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Guinea Bissau. Parliamentary and presidential elections were held on November 28. The fight was between 13 parties and twelve presidential candidates. According to international observers, the election was largely correct. No decisive decision could be reached in the presidential election, and a new round of elections was planned for the beginning of 2000. The fight then stands between the opposition Kumba Yalla and Sanha from the PAIGC (Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné Bissau).

Map of Guinea-Bissau Bissau in English

The parliamentary election was a success for Yalla’s party PRS (Partido para a Renovaçao Social), which received 38 seats, followed by RGB with 28 and PAIGC with 24 seats.

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