Guinea 1999

In 1999, the population of Guinea was estimated at approximately 8.1 million people. The economy of the country is based largely on agriculture and natural resources. Its main industries are mining, agriculture, fishing and forestry. Guinea has a long history of strong foreign relations with other countries in West Africa and beyond. In terms of politics, Guinea has a semi-presidential system with Lansana Conté as President since 1984. He was re-elected in 1998 for his third term in office and his Party for Unity and Progress party continued to hold a majority in Parliament. See ethnicityology for Guinea in the year of 2018.

Yearbook 1999

Guinea 1999

Guinea. Opposition politician Alpha Condé, who was arrested shortly after the presidential election in late 1998, was prosecuted, among other things. for planning to overthrow the government with the help of mercenaries. The arrest led to violent protests in several cities in the north and east. Four protesters were killed in the confrontations with the police, and hundreds of activists from Condé’s Rassemblement du Peuple de Guiné, RPG, were arrested. Large parts of the opposition decided to boycott the parliament in protest against the imprisonment of Condé. Only Jean Marie Doré, one of the presidential candidates in 1998, took her place.

At the trial, Condé was to be represented by three leading Guinean lawyers, Benin and Senegal’s former foreign ministers and a Paris lawyer. These accused the regime of making the defense of their client more difficult.

At the beginning of the year, President Lansasa Contés appointed Lamine Sidimé as new Prime Minister. He was regarded with suspicion by the opposition, as from his previous post as Supreme Court President he refused to deal with several petitions about irregularities during the 1998 presidential election.

Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Guinea. Members of the ruling party Parti de l’Unité et du Progès, PUP, presented a proposal during the spring to amend the constitution which would allow Conté to stand for re-election. The unrest in several of the neighboring countries has also created tensions in Guinea, and the security forces have used the allegations against Condé for harsh interventions against both refugees and the domestic opposition. Relations with Liberia deteriorated when the neighboring country accused Guinea of being involved in fighting in northwestern Liberia. Near the border with Sierra Leone, Sierra Leonean rebels attacked Guinean villages, which led to Guinea reinforcing his military presence in the area in April. According to the UNHCR, in the summer of 1999, there were close to half a million refugees in the country. In order to prevent rebel attacks on the refugee camps, in the spring, UNHCR began to move refugees from the border areas further into the country. There were also fears that tensions between refugees and the local population would lead to severe unrest.

  • Also see to see the acronym of GIN which stands for Guinea and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.

Map of Guinea Conakry in English

Referring in particular to financial problems, the municipal elections, which would have been held on June 29, were moved to the end of December.

Country data

Area: 245,857 km2 (world rank: 78)

Population: 12,717,000

Population density: 52 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 75)

Capital: Conakry

Official languages: French

Gross domestic product: 10.5 billion US $; Real growth: 12.7%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 820 US$

Currency: Guinea-Franc (FG)


Jägerstr. 67
69, 10117 Berlin
Telephone 030 20074330,
Fax 030 200743333

Head of State: Alpha Condé, Head of Government: Ibrahima Kassory Fofana, Outside: Mamadi Touré

National Day: 2.10.

Administrative structure
8 regions

State and form of government
Constitution of 2010
Presidential republic
Parliament: National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) with 114 members, election every 5 years
Direct election of the head of state every 5 years (one-time re-election)
Right to vote from 18 years of age

Population: Guinean, last census 2014: 10,523,261 residents.
39% Fulbe (Peul, Tukulör), Manding (24% Malinké; 11% Susu, Kuranko, Dialonke), 7% Kissi, 5% Kpelle and other

Cities (with population): (as of 2014) Conakry 1,660,973 Pop., N’Zérékoré 195.027, Kankan 190.722, Manéah 167.354, Dubréka 157.017, Kindia 138.695

Religions: 85% Muslims, 8% Christians, 7% followers of indigenous religions (as of 2006)

Languages: French; 8 national languages: Manding languages ​​(Mande), Ful and others. Employed

persons according to the
agricultural sector. 26%, industry 6%, business 68% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): no information

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 8.9%

Foreign trade: Import: 5.0 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 3.3 billion (2017)

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