In 1999, the population of Kenya was estimated at approximately 29 million people. The economy of the country is based largely on services, agriculture and industry. Its main industries are tourism, tea and coffee production and light manufacturing. Kenya has a long history of strong foreign relations with other countries in Africa and beyond. In terms of politics, Kenya has had a presidential republic with Daniel arap Moi as President since 1999. His Kenya African National Union Party continued to hold a majority in Parliament after their victory in the 1999 elections. See ethnicityology for Kenya in the year of 2018.
Kenya. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Kenya. The economic crunch continued from an already catastrophic level, and the government sent unclear signals about its ambitions to overcome the problems and restore the world’s confidence in Kenya. As a remission to the World Bank, in July, Nature Conservation Chief Richard Leakey, formerly one of President Daniel arap Moi’s chief, was appointed critics, to the head of state administration with the mission of increasing efficiency and fighting corruption. Between 60,000 and 120,000 government services were estimated to be phased out, but Moi said in September that there would be no layoffs at all. In April, when Moi resumed his post as Vice President, who had been vacant for just over a year, he elected George Saitoti, a man from the old, suspicious elite. Saitoti was Vice President until 1997 and Finance Minister in 1983-92.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of KEN which stands for Kenya and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
A decision to reduce the number of ministries from 27 to 15 was regarded as a cosmetic change, as the number of ministers was unchanged and a number of people from the closest circle around Moi were allowed to remain.
The budget deficit increased during the year, growth slowed and the state lagged behind with the repayments on the external debt. Capital flight increased dramatically in September, as investors’ confidence in the Nairobi Stock Exchange declined. Since the beginning of the year, the stock market index had fallen by 18%.
In December 94, the international financial institutions and Kenya’s creditor countries declared themselves satisfied with the economic policy and implementation of multi-party governance. In 95, Nairobi announced partial privatization of the national carrier and other important state companies. In March 96, the World Bank granted a $ 115 million loan to improve the country’s road network, and a month later, the IMF granted $ 214 million that had been withheld since 94. That same year, Kenya signed an economic and technical cooperation agreement with China and Iran offered assistance in the areas of energy, industry and agriculture.
In 1997, thousands of people had to be displaced as a result of floods that hit the northeastern part of the country. At the same time, the economic and political tensions increased significantly during the year. In February, thousands of students demonstrated after the killing of a student leader. In late October, an opposition candidate was killed during an exchange of gunfire between police and criminals. In Nairobi, the government and parts of the opposition started negotiations on the matter. the implementation of elections. In November, Moi dissolved parliament, and on December 29, he was re-elected with 40.1% of the vote. At the same time, the ruling party got 109 out of Parliament’s 202 seats. In January 98, the controversial president appointed his new government.
Environmental groups and fisheries authorities warned that serious damage to the ecosystem of Lake Victoria – a world’s largest fishery reserve – could be expected if governments in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania failed to stop the poisoning of the lake’s fish and the adjacent rivers. Fishermen from all three countries use chemical products to poison the fish and thus increase their catch.
Arap Moi declared himself in favor of a ban on female circumcision. However, the statement reinforced this practice and made it far more dangerous as girls were subjected to the surgical procedure in the middle of the night and at a lower age than usual. In response, an NGO introduced an alternative tradition known as Ntanira na Mugambo – “circumcision through words”. Ntanira na Mugambo began to displace the traditional mistreatment of the female genitalia, which is still practiced in half of the country’s rural areas.
In March 2000, an African summit was held in Nairobi against the proliferation of firearms. Subsequently, in line with the summit’s decisions, Moi gave free rein to the handing over of illegal weapons in Kenya to the country’s authorities. The same month, the media announced that the famine in the Wajir area killed dozens of people, and at the same time accused the government of ignoring the situation. The government, in turn, denied that there was a famine at all, and instead accused the media of “politicizing the drought”. Yet, the year as a whole became the worst drought year in the last 100 years. The drought led to food shortages, rationing of water and interruptions of electricity supply to both private and industrial sectors.
In 2001, US President Bush cut off assistance to Kenya in family planning. The reason was a rumor that condom sales were used to fund abortion. To curb the spread of HIV, the government was instead forced to buy condoms from a German company funded by the World Bank.