Mauritius. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Mauritius. Mauritania was hit by the worst rattles of 30 years during the year. They were triggered by reggae star Joseph (Kaya) Topize’s death in police custody in February, but new unrest followed later in the year as well. after revealing high-level corruption in the police force and customs. Behind the riots lay the dissatisfaction of the poor population with growing social gaps. At the beginning of the year, the Mouvement Militant Mauritania (MMM) and Mouvement Socialiste Mauricien (MSM) parties came together in an alliance to increase the chances of defeating the Mauritius Labor Party (MLP) in the 2000 parliamentary elections. The opposition criticized the government for not addressing it with the economic crisis in the country. Rumors also surfaced that there was considerable disagreement within the government about how economic policy should be shaped.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of MUS which stands for Mauritius and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
The population of the African island state has exceeded one million residents (1,077,843 according to a 1991 assessment, with a density of 528 residents / km 2); on the same date, the capital Port Louis counted 142,505 residents The presence on the plateau of some large agricultural-commercial centers, between 50,000 and 100,000 residents, makes the urban population of the state amount to more than 40% of the total.
Until 1970 Mauritius’s economy was based almost exclusively on the cultivation of sugar cane, its processing and the export of the finished product. This resource, although supplemented by the proceeds of tea and tobacco, could not, however, meet the needs of a large and rapidly growing population (between 1962 and 1983 the average annual growth rate of the working age population was status of 2.7%). Government measures have therefore been adopted which, on the one hand, tend to limit population growth and, on the other, encourage export-oriented industrialization.
In particular, with the Export Processing Zone Act of 1970, a production free zone for export was established in order to attract foreign investments in labor-intensive industries, in return for financial and tax concessions, and above all of a large availability of cheap labor, as well as privileged access to the markets of the EEC and the United States compared to the large Asian exporters.
Between 1983 and 1990 the number of employees in the industrial sector rose from 25,000 to 107,755, revolutionizing the traditional employment structure, centered on agriculture and administration. The manufacturing industries operate mostly in the textile and clothing sector (Mauritius is currently the fourth largest exporter of knitwear in the world). The cultivation of sugar cane (76,000 ha in 1990) continues to supply the raw material to 19 sugar refineries, which in 1990 produced 624,000 tons of sugar, almost entirely exported. But sugar has now been overtaken by the products of the textile and clothing industry in the ranking by value of exports. Tourism (300,670 visitors in 1991) is the third entry in the balance of payments.