Nepal. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Nepal. New elections to Parliament in May ended a long period of weak governments. The Nepali Congress Party (NCP) received about 60% of the votes (111 out of Parliament’s 205 seats) and was thus able to form its own government. Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, who had the same post in 1990-91, was appointed Prime Minister. Despite the ongoing Maoist uprising, the elections were conducted in orderly form.
In its first budget, the new government offered loans at low interest rates and other economic lures to the poor, hoping to get the Maoists to lay down their weapons. However, the clashes continued and are believed to have claimed at least 900 people’s lives since 1996. Among those reported to have been killed was Suresh Wagle, a member of the Maoist Party Politburo.
A government proposal for a new anti-terrorist law was criticized by the opposition and human rights organizations. The law would give the police great powers to, inter alia, conduct home investigations and give local administrators the right to prosecute suspected terrorists. In August, the Supreme Court ordered the government to appoint a human rights commission. However, a decision on this was made by Parliament as early as 1997.
Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli of CPN-UML was also elected Prime Minister of Parliament in October with 338 votes out of 597. However, he was only allowed to sit until July 2016 when the CPN-MC withdrew their support to the government, which then was in the minority. In August, a new government was formed with Pushpa Kamal Dahal from CPN-MC as new Prime Minister. The first priority of the new government was to improve relations with India, and a few days after his accession, he was invited by Indian Prime Minister Modi.
In May 2016, the government decided to grant amnesty for all human rights violations committed during the civil war.
In accordance with the agreement between the two major parties of the government, in June 2017, Dahal handed the prime minister post to Sher Bahadur Deuba of the Indian Congress party.
The war crimes remain unsolved
Nepalese authorities are preventing police and prosecutors from investigating allegations of war crimes committed during the 1996-2006 civil war between the state and the Maoist guerrillas, Human Rights Watch writes in a new report. In this way, the authorities contribute to a widespread culture of impunity, reports the human rights organization. Only two charges for human rights violations during the war have led to convictions in civil courts: one for the murder of a teenage girl and one for the murder of a journalist. The two commissions set up in 2015 to investigate war crimes allegations have not convicted a single person of war crimes, despite the fact that more than 65,000 reports have been received. By the end of the ten-year war in 2006, more than 16,000 people had been killed and more than 1,000 had disappeared.