The Netherlands’ population in 1999 was estimated at 15.9 million people, with a growth rate of 0.1%. The economy of the Netherlands was highly developed and diversified, with services accounting for around 75% of the country’s GDP. This was supplemented by the manufacturing and agriculture industries. Foreign relations in 1999 were largely positive with the country enjoying strong ties with many European nations and the wider international community. Politically, the Netherlands had been a multi-party state since 1922 when it formally adopted a democratic system. The ruling party at this time was People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), which had been in power since 1994. In 1999, Wim Kok was Prime Minister and had been since 1994. See ethnicityology for Netherlands in the year of 2018.
Netherlands. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Netherlands. The country will probably be remembered in 1999 as the year of violence. In December, a shooting drama occurred in a school in Veghel in the southern Netherlands. A 17-year-old student shot and wounded four schoolchildren and a teacher. It is the first time in the country’s history that there has been a shooting in a school, and the people were shocked that this American phenomenon spread to the Netherlands. The country has very strict gun laws. In September, the government presented a proposal to tighten the penalty for illegal possession of weapons from nine months to four years.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of NED which stands for Netherlands and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
The shootout ended another successful year for the incumbent coalition government, the Social Democratic Party of PvdA and the Liberal-Conservative parties VVD and D66. Social Democratic Gov. Wim Kok has easily landed for five years. His reign is described as an economic miracle of increased employment, falling unemployment and above-average economic growth in the EU. But in 1999, the warning bells began to ring because the economy was heading for a sharp overheating. There was a large shortage of labor, which led the government to reevaluate the system of sickness pension, which for decades has been administered by the social partners. The government is dissatisfied with the way in which unions and employers handle the sickness benefit system. 900,000 people receive sickness pension,
At the end of the year, the government invited the social partners to discuss moving the entire social insurance system to the state. However, the trade unions fear that the state wants to take over the maintenance of social insurance systems in order to lower the level of compensation. Both trade unions and employers see a danger in the state taking control of social security systems. This can cause the so-called Polder model to collapse.
The Polder model is the mainstay of the Dutch consensus spirit and implies a consensus between the government and the social partners. It is this consensus that is the basis for the country’s economic success in recent years. liberalized labor market step by step.
The union central organization FNV (the equivalent of LO / TCO) has threatened to withdraw from all tripartite cooperation with the government if it takes control of the social insurance system, which could result in the well-known Dutch consensus model being pushed down.
Amsterdam [Dutch pronunciation ɑmstərdɑʹm], capital of the Netherlands; 823,800 residents (2015). Amsterdam, which is part of the large urban agglomeration Randstad, is together with Rotterdam the country’s largest city. Furthermore, the city is the cultural center and the leading educational place in the Netherlands. Amsterdam is located at the confluence of the two rivers Amstel and IJ, near Lake IJsselmeer, and has a canal connection with both the North Sea and the Rhine. The extremely low-lying terrain has, in the city’s successive expansion, forced a comprehensive system of ramparts and canals, which leave its mark on the entire cityscape. In 2010, part of the canal system, built at the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Amsterdam has lots of older, culturally-historically valuable buildings from mainly the heyday during the 16th and 16th centuries. Along the tree-lined streets (gracht) that surrounds the city’s main canals on both sides are magnificent patrician and commercial houses with richly decorated gable facades designed by architects such as Hendrick de Keyser, Jacob van Campen and Philip Vingboons. Among the city’s churches are the Oude Kerk, originally from the beginning of the 13th century but rebuilt in the 16th century, and the late Gothic Nieuwe Kerk, rebuilt in the 1640s. Centrally located is the old town hall (1648-55), designed by Pieter Post and van Campen and with the east and west facades adorned with sculptures by the artist Artus Quellinus d. ä. The building is now used as a royal palace. Other prominent buildings are the central station (1885–89) by Petrus JH Cuypers, the stock exchange building (1897–1903) by Hendrik Petrus Berlage and the Scheepvaarthuis office complex (1912–16), designed by the architects of the Amsterdam School.
Amsterdam has over 40 museums, including the world famous Rijksmuseum with paintings by Rembrandt, the Stedelijk Museum with 19th and 20th century art and Anne Frank’s house. Amsterdam’s prominent symphony orchestra, Concertgebouw-Orkester (founded in 1888), has given the city an international position as a music center. The conductors include Willem Mengelberg, Eduard van Beinum and Bernard Haitink. In 1987, Amsterdam was the European Capital of Culture.
Amsterdam is a major financial center, with headquarters for leading banks, insurance companies and large companies. During the 2000s, the financial sector has grown strongly and many finance companies have moved their offices from the center to the southern parts of the city (Zuidas).
Despite its inland location, the city is still an important port city, especially for transit goods, although in size it has been overrun by Rotterdam. In the formerly dominant engineering industry, the shipyard section has been reduced, but cars and aircraft are still being manufactured. Also mentioned is an expanding electrical and electronic industry as well as the advertising industry. Amsterdam’s breweries and liquor factories produce world-renowned products (Heineken, Bols). A classic and very important phenomenon in Amsterdam’s business world is diamond grinding. However, most people work in the service sector.