Republic of the Congo 1999

The Republic of the Congo’s population in 1999 was estimated at 2.9 million people, with a growth rate of 2.3%. The economy of the Republic of the Congo was largely dependent on its oil sector, which accounted for around 70% of the country’s GDP. This was supplemented by the services and manufacturing industries. Foreign relations in 1999 were largely positive with the country enjoying strong ties with many African nations and the wider international community. Politically, the Republic of Congo had been an autocratic state since 1997 when it formally adopted a presidential system. The ruling party at this time was the Congolese Labour Party (PCT), which had been in power since 1979. In 1999, Pascal Lissouba was President and had been since 1992. See ethnicityology for Republic of the Congo in the year of 2018.

Yearbook 1999

Republic of the Congo 1999

Congo. The year was marked by continued fighting between the army and the so-called Ninjamilis, loyal to former Prime Minister Bernard Kolélas. Rail traffic between Brazzaville and the port city of Pointe-Noire was often down after militia attacks, which caused major problems with the supply in the capital. In July, the army regained control of the railway and several major militias. Tens of thousands of civilians who have been on the run for months in the rainforest could begin to return, only to find their homes plundered and destroyed. The Doctors Without Borders (MSF) organization said that both sides subjected the refugees to cruel abuse. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Republic of the Congo. MSF accused the Ninjamilis of holding more than a quarter of a million people hostage in the forests around Brazzaville. When they were finally able to return, they were met with “total indifference” by the army and the authorities at best. According to MSF, many young men suspected of conspiring with the militia were executed.

  • Also see to see the acronym of ROC which stands for Republic of the Congo and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.

Map of Republic of the Congo Brazzaville in English


Inflation rate 0.50%
Unemployment rate 36%
Gross domestic product (GDP) $ 29,390,000,000
GDP growth rate -3.10%
GDP per capita 6,800 USD
GDP by sector
Agriculture 9.30%
Industry 51.00%
Service 39.70%
State budget
Revenue 3.522 billion
Expenditure 1.932 billion
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line 46.5%
Distribution of household income
Top 10% 37.1
Lower 10% 2.1
Industrial production growth rate 3.50%
Investment volume 40.1% of GDP
National debt 130.80% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves $ 813,400,000
Tourism 2014
Visitors 373,000
Revenue $ 38,000,000


Following a call from President Denis Sassou-Nguesso to exile members of the former government to return and contribute to national reconciliation, eight former ministers tabled a proposal for a return to multi-party democracy after a five-year transition period during Sassou-Nguesso.

The World Bank halted the continued disbursement of a loan intended to evaluate the economic and social reform program that began after the formal end of the civil war in 1997. The aid freeze was justified by the impossibility of guaranteeing the security of foreign experts.

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