San Marino’s population in 1999 was estimated at 25,000 people, with a growth rate of 0.1%. The economy of San Marino was largely dependent on its services sector, which accounted for around 80% of the country’s GDP. This was supplemented by the agricultural and manufacturing industries. Foreign relations in 1999 were largely positive with the country enjoying strong ties with many European nations and the wider international community. Politically, San Marino had been an independent republic since 1600 when it formally adopted a democratic system. The ruling party at this time was the Christian Democratic Party (PDCS), which had been in power since 1978. In 1999, Pietro Pazzi was President and had been since 1992. See ethnicityology for San Marino in the year of 2018.
Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of San Marino. San Marino’s first constitution was written in the year 1600, and the residents therefore believe that their republic is the world’s oldest.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of SMR which stands for San Marino and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
In 1739, Cardinal Giulio Alberoni invaded the country as part of his campaign to recapture Italy’s possessions, but civil disobedience and secret transmission of letters to the Pope of Justice caused him to recognize San Marino’s autonomy and restore the country’s independence.
San Marino managed to stay out of the collection of Italy in 1830-70, and in 1862 entered into a friendship agreement with Italy.
San Marino did not participate in World War I in 1914-18, but was nevertheless financially affected by the war. At the end of the war, the already high unemployment rate rose further, and so did inflation.
The same year that Benito Mussolini came to power in Italy, 1923, the government dissolved the Concilio General and instead formed the fascist Supremo Concilio. San Marino survived the expansion of Italian fascism and during the Second World War (1939-45) the country was neutral. German troops bombed it in July 1944, but the German occupation came to an end after extensive demonstrations, which was also the end of the Supremo Concilio. It opened up new choices. By the end of the war, the country had housed over 100,000 refugees.
After the war, a coalition consisting of the Communist Party and the San Marino Socialist Party assumed power and retained it for the following 12 years. In 1957, a center-right coalition took power with San Marino’s Christian Democrats as the main party. They had government power until 1973. Until November 77, a coalition consisting of the Socialist Party and the Christian Democrats ruled, but then the Socialist Party accused the Christians of failing to formulate solutions to the country’s economic problems. Instead, socialists and communists went into government coalition. On May 28, 1978, elections were held out of date, and from then on the left coalition ruled San Marino and quickly developed the country into a welfare society.
San Marino strengthened its ties with the West and in 1988 joined the Council of Europe. In 92 it was admitted into the UN and the IMF.