Slovenia 1999

Yearbook 1999

Slovenia 1999

Slovenia. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Slovenia. Slovenia’s economic growth slowed somewhat during the year, but it was still among the leading candidate countries for EU membership. According to economic experts, Slovenia was delayed with the privatizations of banks, insurance companies and industries in particular, as well as the slow modernization of trade policy, for example. customs barriers. What argues for Slovenian membership in the EU is that only 7% of the population are employed in the agricultural sector and that the country therefore does not become a burden to the EU in terms of agricultural support. In addition, unemployment is modest 7%.

  • Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of SLO which stands for Slovenia and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.

Map of Slovenia Ljubljana in English

In the summer, US President Bill Clinton made a quick visit to Ljubljana, praising Slovenia for its democratic development, its stable foreign policy and its economic success. In the fall, President Milan Kučan and his wife Stefna were on a state visit to Sweden.

Prime Minister Janez Drnovšek and his coalition government succeeded in a pragmatic way of reaching consensus between the political parties on important issues, such as EU and NATO membership.

A dispute arose during the autumn with Austria over the origin of the known lipizzan horses. The horses are part of the Spanish riding school in Vienna and provide good tourist income to Austria. The dispute was referred to the European Commission, which however rejected the matter and invited the parties to agree.

History. – At the end of the first decade of the 21st century, the Slovenia, democracy among the most solid in the panorama of the countries of the former Yugoslavia, aspired to consolidate its position both within the European Union and in the Balkan area. It became part of the EU with the great enlargement to the East in 2004 – 10 states admitted – the Slovenia was the first of the countries of this bloc to join the euro (January 1, 2007). During his six-month presidency of the Union (January-July 2008), the country made a strong commitment to ensure that the member states proceed with the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty and the establishment of the so-called Ljubljana process, a political partnership aimed at strengthening the level of cooperation between scientific research institutes within the European Research Area. In November 2007, Danilo Türk – former permanent representative of the Slovenia to the United Nations – was elected president of the Republic thanks to the support of the center-left opposition parties, defeating Lojze Peterle who was instead supported by the conservative forces in government. The result of the presidential elections highlighted the growing popularity of the center-left and the vulnerability of Prime Minister Janez Janša’s center-right coalition. These trends were confirmed in the subsequent parliamentary elections of September 2008: the electoral competition saw the affirmation of the Social Democrats (SD), who won 29 of the 90 seats in the National Assembly and with the political forces Zares, Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) and the Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia (DeSUS) formed a government led by their leader Borut Pahor. To cope with the impact of the global recession on the country, during 2009 the Slovenian government adopted austerity policies, which were opposed by the population and especially the trade unions who organized anti-government protests at the end of November 2009. These protests, combined with the victory of the main opposition force – the Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) – in the June 2009 elections for the European Parliament, sent clear political signals to the government, which prioritized pension reform by addressing issues such as the dramatic rise in the unemployment rate and wages stagnant in the public sector. The fractures within the same government structure caused the resignation of several ministers during 2011, including that of the Interior Katarina Kresal, and the exit from the coalition of DeSUS and Zares. The negative outcome of the three popular referendums of 5 June 2011 on social security reform, illegal employment and work and the rules for accessing the archives of the Yugoslav secret services, led to a motion of no confidence against the center-left government on 20 September, and President Türk called – for the first time in Slovenia since independence – early elections for the month of December. Surprisingly, the relative majority of seats (28) was won by positive Slovenia, a new liberal democratic political force founded by the mayor of Ljubljana Zoran Janković. Tasked with forming a government coalition, Janković failed to find sufficient consensus; the mandate was therefore conferred on former prime minister Janša, leader of the SDS who came second in the elections. This decision sparked controversy due to the involvement in some corruption investigations of Janša himself, who in June 2013 was found guilty of having requested bribes from the Finnish company Patria, in the context of a deal on military supplies to Slovenia.

 

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