Tanzania 1999

Yearbook 1999

Tanzania. Following the mediation of the Commonwealth, the Citizens United Front (CUF) suspended its four-year boycott of the Zanzibar Parliament following the promise of political reform. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Tanzania. The ruling CCM had cheated in the local presidential election in 1995. The suspicions of electoral fraud had prompted donors to suspend their support for the already poor Zanzibar. Despite the agreement, 18 CUF members who were brought to trial in March were not released on charges of attempting to overthrow the government.

Map of Tanzania Dodoma in English

Tanzania’s first president, Julius Nyerere, passed away on October 14, aged 77. He was buried in the birth village of Butiama near Lake Victoria.


Unity government on Zanzibar

December 6

A coalition government is formed in Zanzibar between the ruling CCM and the opposition ACT-Wazalendo. ACT-Wazalendo has previously questioned the election results on the island, but now says the party must help take the country out of the crisis. CCM won the presidential election in Zanzibar and 46 of the 50 seats in the island’s parliament.


Cooperation with Mozambique against terrorism

November 21st

Tanzania and Mozambique enter into a cooperation agreement to assist each other in the fight against militant Islamists who have killed more than 2,000 people and forced half a million to flee, especially in Mozambique. The agreement, which was concluded by the countries’ highest police chiefs at a meeting in the Tanzanian city of Mtwara, specifies how the cooperation will actually take place. This includes the exchange of information and intelligence, and that more than 500 suspected perpetrators arrested in Tanzania must be handed over to the neighboring country. The Islamists are primarily terrorizing the oil-rich Mozambican province of Cabo Delgado, which borders Tanzania. In Cabo Delgado, jihadists have been fighting for an Islamist caliphate since 2017, but in recent months they have also raided the border with Tanzania.

Tundu Lissu leaves the country

11 November

Chadema’s presidential candidate Tundu Lissu leaves Tanzania and returns to Belgium, where he previously lived. Lissu sought protection at the German embassy in Dar es Salaam a week earlier after receiving death threats, according to the British BBC. Several of the opposition’s top leaders have been arrested for incitement or for planning illegal demonstrations.

UN: at least 150 opposition figures arrested before the election

November 10

The head of the UN Human Rights Council, Michelle Bachelet, says at least 150 members of the opposition were arrested ahead of election day. At least 18 of them remain in police custody, according to Bachelet.

Chademas leader grips

November 1

The leaders of the two opposition parties, Chadema and ACT-Wazalendo, are urging their supporters to take part in peaceful demonstrations to protest the election result and call for new elections. Chadema chairman Freeman Mbowe and six other Chadema politicians were arrested by the police for planning violent protests. The Tundu Lissu is also temporarily arrested but released shortly thereafter. Freeman Mbowe and other Chadema politicians are released a few days later. No demonstrations were held as police threatened to intervene with force against street protests. A delegation from the East African Community (EAC) says that the election was conducted correctly, while the United States expresses concern about the electoral process.

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