In 1999, the population of Zambia was estimated to be around 10.2 million people. The majority of the population were Bantu, with other minorities such as Pygmies and Europeans. The economy was mainly based on agriculture and mining, with a small but growing manufacturing industry. Foreign relations in 1999 saw Zambia strengthen ties with countries in Africa such as South Africa, Zimbabwe and Angola. It also had diplomatic relations with other countries such as the United States, China and the United Kingdom. Politically, Zambia was a multi-party state with an elected president heading the government. Universal suffrage existed for all citizens over 18 years old and elections were held every five years. The President at this time was Frederick Chiluba who had been in power since 1991. See ethnicityology for Zambia in the year of 2018.
Zambia. Visit Countryaah official website to get information about the capital city of Zambia. Angola accused Zambia in February of providing military support to the UNITA opposition movement. A series of blast attacks in the capital, Lusaka, were believed to be linked to the conflict – either as Angolan revenge or the Zambian security service executed them to rally the nation and give the government a pretext to strike against the opposition. During the early summer, the dispute was settled and an agreement on strengthened relations between the countries was signed.
- Also see Abbreviationfinder.org to see the acronym of ZWB which stands for Zambia and other definitions of this 3-letter abbreviation.
Former President Kenneth Kaunda was deprived of his citizenship in April on the grounds that his parents came from Malawi, which during the colonial period was administered together with Zambia. Kaunda was accused of illegally obtaining his citizenship. In November, Kaunda’s son Wezi, who was expected to take over the leadership of the father formed by the United National Independence Party (UNIP), was murdered. Police said the shooting was linked to a failed car theft, but the Kaunda family claimed it was a political murder.
In September, 59 soldiers were sentenced to death for participating in the coup attempt in 1997.
President Chiluba was arrested in February 2003 after 59 charges were brought against him – including misdemeanor misdemeanor and theft of $ 30 million. US $. In December, he was put on trial, charged with corruption.
Also in December, the Supreme Court affirmed the death sentence of over 40 of the 59 officers involved in the 1997 coup attempt.
In September 2004, several of the corruption charges against Chiluba were withdrawn, but a few hours later the president was again arrested on 6 new charges.
In January 2005, the government admitted that the state had been the victim of a scam that cost $ 940 million. US $. In April, the World Bank granted a $ 3.8 billion aid program to Zambia. US $, including a 50% remission of the country’s foreign debt.
In November, Mwanawasa declared the country in national disaster as a result of the drought and requested international disaster relief for the one million Zambians without food access.
A court in Lusaka declared in June 2007 that Chibula was quick enough to stand before a court. It thus rejected the defense’s claim that his health did not allow his participation.
In August, the government transformed the death penalty to over 97 deaths .
Mwanawasa suffered a heart attack in June 2008 and the presidential office was then temporarily taken over by Vice President Rupiah Banda. When Mwanawasa died in August, Banda took over the post. In the October presidential election, he won with 40% of the vote over the main counterpart, Michael Sata of the Patriotic Front, who got 38%. Sata was at the beginning of the counting of votes, but as the votes entered the territories he was overtaken by Banda. Sata and PF subsequently claimed that there had been electoral fraud, refused to acknowledge the result and it came to riots in Lusaka and Kitwe.
In 2009, MMD elected Banda to the party’s candidate at the next presidential election in 2011. The decision was criticized internally as undemocratic, and led among other things. to the Secretary of Defense withdrew.
By mid-2008, the population of Zambia rose unexpectedly. This was due to the rising violence in South Africa targeting Zimbabweans. About 60,000 Zimbabweans live in refugee camps in Zambia, and another 50,000 live in the country. There are also 55,400 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo and 40,800 from Angola in Zambia.
In 2009, Zambia was hit hard by the world economic crisis that caused commodity prices to plummet.
Michael Sata won the September 2011 presidential election over incumbent President Banda. Chinese companies had invested $ 2 billion in 2010 US $ in Zambia, one of the world’s largest copper producers, but accused by many – including Sata – of operating on slave-like working methods, ignoring worker protection and local cultural conditions. Sata’s harsh rhetoric towards the Chinese gave him the nickname “King Cobra”. Sata won over Banda with 42.0% of the vote against 35.4%. The MMD’s 20-year monopoly on the presidential post was thus broken.
Banda lost his judicial immunity in 2013, and the state Anti Corruption Commission immediately brought charges against him for, among other things. having received DKK 2.5 million; US $ in connection with an oil agreement between Zambia and Nigeria.